Charles Jacquinot

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Charles Hector Jacquinot (1796-1879) was a noted mariner, best known for his role in early French Antarctic surveys.

Jacquinot served as an ensign on the Coquille. He served with Jules Dumont d'Urville in the Mediterranean and was junior officer on the expedition led by Louis Freycinet from 1817-1820, and on Isidore Duperrey's expedition of 1822-1825.[1]

His first trip to Antarctica was made in 1826–29 with d'Urville on the Astrolabe, during which he circumnavigated the globe. For that voyage, Jacquinot was awarded the Cross of Honor.

He was commander of the expedition corvette Zelee during Durond d'Urville's second expedition from 1837-1840. The ships departed from Toulon in September 1837. The mission of the expedition was to survey the Straits of Magellan, then head to the Weddell Sea.[2] After Dumont d'Urvilles death, he personally edited the five of the 24 volume "Voyage au Pole Sud et dans Oceane" official account of the expedition.[1]but the real writer of the 7 "Histoire du voyage" last volumes was Clément Adrien Vincendon-Dumoulin (fr).

Mount Jacquinot was named for him by d'Urville, who was said to have been his best friend.

Jacquinot eventually was appointed Vice Admiral. He was commander at Piraeus, Greece, during the Crimean War. He served from 1854 to 1855. He was awarded the Greek Order of the Redeemer.

He died soon after retiring from the Naval General Staff in 1879. He was said to have been modest, no doubt a result of his request to be buried without military honors.[3]

He was the brother of Honoré Jacquinot, a surgeon who served as a naturalist on that same voyage and who traveled on that same ship.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Quanchi, Max (2005). Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Pacific Islands. The Scarecrow Press. p. 85. ISBN 0810853957. 
  2. ^ Stonehouse, Bernard. Encyclopedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans, John Wiley and Sons, 2002. ISBN 0-471-98665-8
  3. ^ IPY 2007-2008
  4. ^ Gordon Elliott Fogg. A History of Antarctic Science, Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-521-36113-3