Rhinella atacamensis

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Rhinella atacamensis
Rhinella atacamensis.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Rhinella
Species: R. atacamensis
Binomial name
Rhinella atacamensis
(Cei (es), 1962)
  • Bufo spinulosus atacamensis Cei, 1962 "1961"
  • Bufo atacamensis Cei, 1962
  • Chaunus atacamensis (Cei, 1962)

Rhinella atacamensis, sometimes called the Vallenar toad or Atacama toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae.[2] It is endemic to Chile and occurs between Paposo (Antofagasta Region) and Las Chilcas (Valparaíso Region).[1] It inhabits the desert Pacific coastal region with Mediterranean influences (including the Chilean matorral[3]) and is found in and near oases and streams. Breeding takes place in permanent pools (including water tanks for livestock), streams, and rivers. While abundant at a few sites, it has declined overall and gone locally extinct at some sites. Threats to this species include extensive droughts and water pollution as well as extraction of surface water, mining, agriculture, livestock farming, and timber plantations.


  1. ^ a b IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2015). "Rhinella atacamensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T3177A79808774. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Rhinella atacamensis (Cei, 1962)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan & World Wildlife Fund. 2013. Chilean matorral. ed. M.McGinley. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC