Chernihivska (Kiev Metro)
|Kiev Metro station|
|Owned by||Kiev Metro|
|Structure type||surface platform|
|Opened||4 November 1968|
Chernihivska (Ukrainian: Чернiгiвська) is a Kiev Metro station on the Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line. The station was built as a single extension to the newer housing massifs built on the eastern edge of Kiev.
Located next to the intersection of Brovary Avenue and Bratislava Street, it is a surface station built to the identical design that was popular throughout the Soviet Union at the time, matching five stations on the Moscow Metro (such as Bagrationovskaya) and one on Tbilisi Metro (Dibube).
Chernihivska's design (architects I. Maslenikov, V. Bogdanovskaya, T. Tselikovskaya) consists of two levels, a lower platform level and an upper street level. The latter is made with two square glazed vestibules standing opposite a road flyover that crosses perpendicular to the platform alignment. As a result, on the platform level there is no canopy as such; however, the need for the support of the structure requires a span of pillars on the centreline that are faced with white marble, and a fake canopy bottom adjoins from the top. Apart from the black granite on the platform, that is the only decoration used. However to avoid the station creating a gloomy nighttime appearance both the "ceilings" of the station are painted white.
In Kiev this was the first time such a design was required, and also the last time, because when the station was opened on November 4, 1968, the state requirement for aesthetic functionality designs with little or no decorative architecture had already passed, and the cost-saving surface station approach was abandoned in favour of returning to standard underground designs.
One unique feature of the station is that it has a second platform for eastbound trains. When the station was the line's terminus, this was used for quicker unloading of passengers who were traveling from the centre to save the congestion in the small vestibules during peak hours (which were operating entry only). However, after the extension to Lisova in 1979, the passenger traffic fell rapidly and this arrangement was discontinued, although the platform itself remains.
The station is named after the city of Chernihiv, because the Brovary Avenue then continues out of Kiev as the E101 motorway towards that city. Originally, however, the station was called Komsomolska (ukr:Комсомольська, rus:Комсомольская, Komsomolskaya) after the Communist Youth League that played an important role in Soviet society. After the Independence of Ukraine in 1991, the station was renamed due to the old name becoming obsolete after the League was disbanded.
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