Chesapeake Western Railway

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A Norfolk Southern Railway grain train on the Chesapeake Western Branch in Linville, Virginia in 2012.

The Chesapeake Western Railway (reporting mark CHW) is an intrastate railroad operating subsidiary of the Norfolk Southern Railway in west-central Virginia. It extended from Elkton on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River in Rockingham County to Stokesville in Augusta Country at the foot of the Allegheny Mountains. At Elkton, it interchanged with the Norfolk and Western Railway. At Harrisonburg it interchanged with the Southern Railway.

Construction began in 1895 in Harrisonburg by the Chesapeake and Western Railroad, and proceed both east and west. To the west, Bridgewater was the original terminus, but the line was extended to Stokesville by 1901 by the newly reorganized Chesapeake Western Railway. In 1933 the line was cut back to Bridgewater, and later to Dayton. To the east the line reached Elkton by 1896, where the line's main yard and shops were constructed.

In 1938 the line was bought by the line's general manager, Don Thomas, with the help of Norfolk and Western, which assumed direct control in 1954. In 1942, the Baltimore and Ohio's Valley Road of Virginia line, which ran between Harrisonburg and Lexington was purchased, though the portion from Staunton to Lexington was promptly dismantled. Later, a portion of the same line to the north of Harrisonburg as far as Mt. Jackson was added.

The line continues to operate today as the Chesapeake Western Branch of Norfolk Southern. A portion of the line south of Harrisonburg between Pleasant Valley is owned and operated by the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. Furthermore, the old Chesapeake Western Station remains standing in downtown Harrisonburg.

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