Chief Minister of Sindh
The Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government, however, the Governor of Sindh is the nominal head, or the "de jure executive" and does everything under the guidance of the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister of Sindh is elected by the Provincial Assembly of Sindh and is the leader of the provincial Legislature. The office of Chief Minister is located in Karachi, the capital of the Sindh province and is known as the CM Secretariat. The CM Secretariat is headed by the Principal Secretary to the Chief Minister, who is either a BPS-21 grade or BPS-20 grade official usually belonging to the Pakistan Administrative Service.
The Constitution of Pakistan sets the principle of qualifications which one must meet to be eligible to the office of the Chief Minister. A Chief Minister must be:
- a citizen of Pakistan
- should be a member of the provincial legislature.
The Chief Minister is elected by a majority in the provincial legislative assembly. This is procedurally established by the vote of confidence in the legislative assembly, as suggested by the majority party who is the appointing authority.
List of Premiers (pre-partition)
|Name of Premier (pre-partition)||Entered Office||Left Office||Political Party/Notes|
|Ghulam Hussain Hidayat Ullah (1st time)||April 28, 1937||March 23, 1938||Muslim People's Party|
|Allah Bux Soomro (1st time)||March 23, 1938||April 18, 1940||Ittehad Party|
|Mir Bandeh Ali Khan Talpur||April 18, 1940||March 7, 1941||All-India Muslim League|
|Allah Bux Soomro (2nd time)||March 7, 1941||October 14, 1942||Ittehad Party|
|Ghulam Hussain Hidayat Ullah (2nd time)||October 14, 1942||August 14, 1947||Muslim People's Party|
List of Chief Ministers of Sindh
|Name of Chief Minister||Entered Office||Left Office||Political Party/Notes|
|Muhammad Ayub Khuhro (1st time)||August 16, 1947||April 28, 1948||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Pir Ilahi Bux||May 3, 1948||February 4, 1949||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Yusuf Haroon||February 18, 1949||May 7, 1950||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Qazi Fazlullah Ubaidullah||May 8, 1950||March 24, 1951||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Muhammad Ayub Khuhro (2nd time)||March 25, 1951||December 29, 1951||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Governor's rule||December 29, 1951||May 22, 1953|
|Pirzada Abdul Sattar||May 22, 1953||November 8, 1954||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Muhammad Ayub Khuhro (3rd time)||November 9, 1954||October 13, 1955||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Post abolished||October 13, 1955||June 30, 1970||Part of West Pakistan province|
|Martial law||July 1, 1970||May 1, 1972|
|Mumtaz Ali Bhutto (1st time)||May 1, 1972||December 20, 1973||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi||December 25, 1973||July 5, 1977||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Martial law||July 5, 1977||April 6, 1985|
|Ghous Ali Shah||April 6, 1985||April 6, 1988||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Akhtar Ali Ghulam Qazi (1st time)||April 11, 1988||June 24, 1988||Islami Jamhoori Ittehad|
|Governor's rule||June 24, 1988||August 31, 1988|
|Akhtar Ali Ghulam Qazi (2nd time; caretaker)||August 31, 1988||December 2, 1988||Islami Jamhoori Ittehad|
|Qaim Ali Shah||December 2, 1988||February 25, 1990||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Aftab Shaban Mirani||February 25, 1990||August 6, 1990||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Jam Sadiq Ali (acting till November 5, 1990)||August 6, 1990||March 5, 1992||Independent|
|Muzaffar Hussain Shah||March 6, 1992||July 19, 1993||Islami Jamhoori Ittehad|
|Syed Ali Madad Shah (caretaker)||July 19, 1993||October 21, 1993|
|Syed Abdullah Ali Shah||October 21, 1993||November 6, 1996||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Mumtaz Bhutto (2nd time; caretaker)||November 7, 1996||February 22, 1997||Sindh National Front|
|Liaquat Ali Jatoi||February 22, 1997||October 30, 1998||Pakistan Muslim League|
|Governor's rule-No Chief Minister||October 30, 1998||December 17, 2002|
|Ali Mohammad Mahar||December 17, 2002||June 9, 2004||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)|
|Arbab Ghulam Rahim||June 9, 2004||November 19, 2007||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)|
|Abdul Qadir Halepota (caretaker)||November 19, 2007||April 6, 2008|
|Qaim Ali Shah (2nd time)||April 6, 2008||March 21, 2013||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Zahid Qurban Alvi (caretaker)||March 21, 2013||May 30, 2013|
|Qaim Ali Shah (3rd time)||May 30, 2013||July 25, 2016||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Syed Murad Ali Shah (1st time)||July 29, 2016||May 28, 2018||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Fazal-ur-Rehman (caretaker)||June 2, 2018||August 17, 2018|
|Syed Murad Ali Shah (2nd time)||August 18, 2018||Incumbent||Pakistan Peoples Party|
- Chief Secretary Sindh
- Provincial Assembly of Sindh
- Chief Minister (Pakistan)
- Government of Sindh
- Governor of Sindh
- List of Chief Ministers of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
- List of Chief Ministers of Punjab
- List of Chief Ministers of Balochistan
- "Article: 106 Constitution of Provincial Assemblies. | The Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 Developed by Zain Sheikh". Pakistanconstitutionlaw.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- Official website of CM Sindh
- "Chapter 3: "The Provincial Governments" of Part IV: "Provinces"". Pakistani.org. Retrieved 2013-06-09.
- "List of Chief Ministers of Sind". worldstatesmen.org.
- "List of Chief Ministers of Sind". Government of Sindh.
- "Qaim Ali Shah takes oath as Sindh chief minister". DAWN.COM. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "PPP workers celebrate nomination of Qaim as Sindh CM". The News. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Justice (retd) Zahid Alvi sworn in caretaker Chief Minister Sindh". Geo News TV. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- Dawn.com (2013-03-30). "Sindh caretaker cabinet sworn in". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Third term's the charm: Qaim Ali Shah takes oath as Sindh CM | The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2013-05-30. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Qaim Ali Shah sworn in as Chief Minister Sindh : AsiaNet-Pakistan". asianetpakistan.com. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- Mansoor, Hasan (2016-07-30). "Murad Ali Shah sworn in as chief minister of Sindh". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Syed Murad Ali Shah elected new Chief Minister of Sindh". The News. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Fazalur Rehman sworn in as caretaker Sindh CM". Geo News TV. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- APP (2018-06-02). "Fazal-ur-Rahman sworn in as caretaker Sindh CM". GulfNews. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Fazalur Rehman sworn in as caretaker Sindh CM". The Nation. 2018-06-02. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Murad Ali Shah re-elected Sindh chief minister". GEO>TV. Retrieved 2018-08-16.