Jean-Jacques Chifflet

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Jean-Jacques Chifflet (1588–1660) (Cornelis Galle II, 1647)
Jean-Jacques Chifflet: Recueil des traittez de paix, trèves et neutalité entre les couronnes d'Espagne et de France, Antwerp 1664.

Jean-Jacques Chifflet (Chiflet) (Besançon, 1588–1660) was a physician, antiquary and archaeologist from the County of Burgundy (now in France).


He visited Paris and Montpellier, and travelled in Italy and Germany. By appointment of Philip IV of Spain he was physician to the Brussels court. He played a significant part in the controversy of the 1650s over Peruvian bark in treating malaria, publishing a sceptical pamphlet Pulvis Febrifugus Orbis Americani in 1653[1] after treating Archduke Leopold.[2]

At the behest of his employer, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, who was then Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, he studied the objects which had been recovered from the tomb of Childeric I in Tournai. In 1655, Chifflet published an illustrated report on his findings entitled Anastasis Childerici I. Francorvm Regis, sive Thesavrvs Sepvlchralis Tornaci Neruiorum ... (The Resurrection of Childeric the First, King of the Franks, or the Funerary Treasure of Tournai of the Nervians). This report is today considered to be the world's first scientific archaeological publication.[3]

He began the publication of the texts of treaties.[4]

Chifflet's son Jules was a jurist and historian who wrote Breviarium ordinis velleris aurei (Antwerp 1652).[citation needed] Another son, Jean, was a priest and historian who wrote about Pope Joan.[citation needed] Jean-Jacques was himself the nephew of Claude Chifflet.[citation needed][further explanation needed]



  1. ^ Cinchona. U. S. Cinchona, Cinch. [Peruvian Bark, Yellow Peruvian Bark]. Cinchona Rubra, Red Cinchona. | Henriette's Herbal Homepage
  2. ^ Andreas-Holger Maehle, Drugs on Trial: Experimental Pharmacology and Therapeutic Innovation in the Eighteenth Century (1999), pp. 226-9.
  3. ^ Peter S. Welles, Barbarians to Angels: The Dark Ages Reconsidered (2009), p. 51.
  4. ^ David C. Douglas, English Scholars (1939), p.290.


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