Closed and Open Changes

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The Closed Change is a Pre-Bronze, or newcomer Waltz figure, performed in closed position.[1]

Changes may start of the right foot or left foot, moving forward or backward. This makes four different types of changes. Combine two close changes and you have a Box Step.

In Right changes the man starts from the right foot, while in Left ones the man starts from the left foot.

A change is called "closed", if on the last step the moving foot closes to the standing foot. A change is "open", if on the last step the moving foot passes the standing foot.[citation needed]

The figures are called "changes", because they allow dancers to change from Natural Turn to Reverse Turn and vice versa. For example, a basic practicing variation in Waltz goes as follows:

  1. Dance 1–6 steps of Natural Turn,
  2. then 1–3 steps of Right Closed Change,
  3. then 1–6 steps of Reverse Turn,
  4. then 1–3 steps of Left Closed Change,
  5. repeat until the music stops or partner drops.

All four changes are similar, therefore a detailed description is only for the Right Closed Change.

Right Closed Change[edit]

The man steps forward on right foot while the lady steps backward on the opposing (i.e., left) foot. They will then step to the side (and possibly slightly forward, in relation to the man) on the other foot, and conclude the figure by closing the first foot beside the second. Each step takes up a full beat of the music.

A turn of up to 1/8 is optional. There will be slight CBM on 1, and sway on 2,3.

Leader (Man)
Step # Foot Position Alignment Amount of Turn Footwork
1 RF forward Facing DC Nil HT
2 LF side, slightly fwd Facing DC Nil T
3 RF closes to LF Facing DC Nil TH
Follower (Woman)
Step # Foot Position Alignment Amount of Turn Footwork
1 LF back Backing DC Nil TH
2 RF side, slightly back Backing DC Nil T
3 LF closes to RF Backing DC Nil TH

Hesitation Change[edit]

The Hesitation Change is a Bronze syllabus figure. The first 3 steps are identical to the natural turn. The last 3 steps comprise the "hesitation." The leader's heel pull allows time to change directions or pause for floor craft.[2]

Leader (Man)
Step # Foot Position Alignment Amount of Turn Footwork
1 RF fwd Facing DW Start to turn R HT
2 LF to side Backing DC 1/4 between 1-2 T
3 RF closes to LF Backing LOD 1/8 between 2-3 TH
1 LF back Backing LOD Start to turn R H
2 RF to side small step (Heel Pull) Facing DC 3/8 between 4-5 IE of foot, whole foot
3 LF closes to RF without weight Facing DC IE of toe (LF)

Outside Change[edit]

The Outside Change is a Bronze syllabus figure. It has regular waltz rise and fall over the three beat phrase.[2]

Leader (Man)
Step # Foot Position Alignment Amount of Turn Footwork
1 LF back Backing DC TH
2 RF back Backing DC Starts to turn L T
3 LF to side and slightly fwd Pointing DW 1/4 between 2-3, body turns less TH
1 RF fwd in CBMP, OP Facing DW H
Follower (Woman)
Step # Foot Position Alignment Amount of Turn Footwork
1 RF fwd Facing DC HT
2 LF fwd Facing DC Starts to turn L T
3 RF to side and slightly back Backing DW 1/4 between 2-3, body turns less TH
1 LF back in CBMP Backing DW T

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Ballroom Technique; Moore, Alex (2006). Published by ISTD ASIN: B000PH46KI.
  2. ^ a b BallroomDancers.com

External links[edit]