Saint Lucia whiptail

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St. Lucia whiptail
Cnemidophorus vanzoi.jpeg
St. Lucia whiptail in captivity
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Teiidae
Genus: Cnemidophorus
Species: C. vanzoi
Binomial name
Cnemidophorus vanzoi
(Baskin & E.E. Williams, 1966)
  • Ameiva vanzoi
    Baskin & E.E. Williams, 1966
  • Cnemidophorus vanzoi
    Presch, 1971[1][2]

The Saint Lucia whiptail or Vanzo's whiptail (Cnemidophorus vanzoi ) is a species of lizard in the Teiidae family. The species is endemic to Saint Lucia, where it has been extirpated from the main island and is now only native to the small islets of Maria Major and Maria Minor, with fewer than 1,000 individuals estimated. A third population has been established on nearby Praslin Island through translocation. It is the only species of Cnemidophorus found in the Caribbean.


The specific name, vanzoi, is in honor of Brazilian herpetologist Paulo Vanzolini.[3]


  1. ^ Schwartz A, Thomas R (1975). A Check-list of West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 216 pp. (Cnemidophorus vanzoi, pp. 110-111).
  2. ^ "Cnemidophorus vanzoi ". The Reptile Database.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cnemidophorus vanzoi, p. 273).

Further reading[edit]

  • Baskin JN, Williams EE (1966). "The Lesser Antillean Ameiva (Sauria: Teiidae). Reevaluation, zoogeography, and the effects of predation". Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and Other Caribbean Islands 23 (89): 144-176. (Ameiva vanzoi, new species, p. 146).
  • Gibson R (1996). Cnemidophorus vanzoi. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 28 July 2007.
  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999). Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. ISBN 0-333-69141-5 (Cnemidophorus vanzoi, pp. 94–95).
  • Powell, Robert; Henderson, Robert W. (2005). "Conservation Status of Lesser Antillean Reptiles". Iguana 12 (2): 63–77.
  • Presch W (1971). "Tongue structure of the teiid lizard genera Ameiva and Cnemidophorus with a reallocation of Ameiva vanzoi ". Journal of Herpetology 5 (3/4): 183-185. (Cnemidophorus vanzoi, new combination, p. 184).

External links[edit]