Angevin coat of arms

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Arms of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, as drawn by Matthew Paris (d.1259): Azure, six lions rampant or, 3,2,1; similar to the arms of his grandfather, Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou.
The three lions passants guardants or attributed to William I and his Plantagenet successors (Henry I, Stephen, Henry II, John, Henry III) by Matthew Paris in Historia Anglorum and Chronica Majora in the 1250s.

The coat of arms of the Angevin dynasty has varied over time, but always included a lion.

The first historical coat of arms is that of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, depicted as azure, six lions rampant or (or gules[clarification needed])).

In 1340, Edward III of England adopted gules, three lions passants guardants or as the Royal Arms of England. Based on this, later[year needed] attributions have associated the Angevin Empire and its territories, especially the Duchy of Normandy and the Duchy of Aquitaine with the blazon gules, a lion passant guardant or. These attributed arms are not to be confused with the historical coat of arms borne by the Capetian House of Anjou created by Louis IX of France for his brother for Charles I of Naples in 1247.

The two lions were retrospectively to Henry II,[1] and they were described as the "flag of Normandy" by Meurgey (1941).[2]

In 2010, Monnaie de Paris issued a 10 Euro coin with this design as representing the region of Aquitaine (Guyenne).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brooke-Little, J.P., FSA (1978) [1950]. Boutell's Heraldry (Revised ed.). London: Frederick Warne LTD. pp. 205–222. ISBN 0-7232-2096-4. 
  2. ^ Jacques Meurgey, Notice historique sur les blasons des anciennes provinces de France, 1941[page needed]
  3. ^ Piece 10 euros argent 2010 région Aquitaine (lamonnaiedelapiece.com)

See also[edit]