|Coluber constrictor anthicus, buttermilk racer|
Many, but see text.
Bascanion, Bascanium, Coryphodon, Hierophis, Masticophis, Zamenis, Dolichophis, but see text.
Coluber is a genus of thin-bodied, fast-moving, colubrid snakes commonly known as racers. They are widespread around the world and vary greatly in habitat and behaviour. In the past, Coluber was a catch-all genus which included almost all snake species known at the time. Even the cobra was once classified as Coluber naja.
As presented here, the genus is limited to its "modern" content of racers and whipsnakes. Still, some of these species (namely the whipsnakes) are increasingly separated as Dolichophis and others probably also do not really belong here.
Nota bene: In the following list, a taxon author in parentheses indicates that the species or subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Coluber.
- Coluber anthonyi (Stejneger, 1901)
- Coluber aurigulus (Cope, 1861)
- Coluber barbouri Van Denburgh & Slevin, 1921
- Coluber bilineatus (Jan, 1863)
- Coluber constrictor Linnaeus, 1758
- Coluber flagellum Shaw, 1802
- Coluber fuliginosus (Cope, 1895)
- Coluber lateralis (Hallowell, 1853)
- Coluber mentovarius (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)
- Coluber schotti (Baird & Girard, 1853)
- Coluber slevini (Lowe & Norris, 1955)
- Coluber taeniatus (Hallowell, 1852)
- "Coluber ". Dahms Tierleben. www.dahmstierleben.de/systematik/Reptilien/Squamata/Serpentes/colubroidea/colubridae/colubrinae.
- Wright AH, Wright AA. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates. 1,105 pp. (in two volumes). (Genus Coluber, pp. 130-132).
- The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. Stockholm: L. Salvius. 824 pp. (Coluber, new genus, p. 216). (in Latin).
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