Hundred of Crewkerne

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Crewkerne
Area
13,260 acres (5,370 ha)
History
 • Created before 1084
Status Hundred
 • HQ Crewkerne
Subdivisions
 • Type Parishes

The Hundred of Crewkerne is one of the 40 historical Hundreds in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England,[1] dating from before the Norman conquest during the Anglo-Saxon era although exact dates are unknown. Each hundred had a 'fyrd', which acted as the local defence force and a court which was responsible for the maintenance of the frankpledge system.[2] They also formed a unit for the collection of taxes.[3] The role of the hundred court was described in the Dooms (laws) of King Edgar. The name of the hundred was normally that of its meeting-place.[4]

The Hundred of Crewkerne consisted of the ancient parishes of: St. George Hinton, Crewkerne, Misterton, Merriott, Wayford, and Seaborough.[5] It covered an area of 13,260 acres (5,370 ha).[5]

In the Saxon era it was the centre of a large royal estate.[6] The hundred was created before 1084.[7]

The importance of the hundred courts declined from the seventeenth century. By the 19th century several different single-purpose subdivisions of counties, such as poor law unions, sanitary districts, and highway districts sprang up, filling the administrative role previously played by parishes and hundreds. Although the Hundreds have never been formally abolished, their functions ended with the establishment of county courts in 1867[8] and the introduction of districts by the Local Government Act 1894.[9]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Crewkerne Hundred". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Administrative Units Typology | Status definition: Hundred". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  3. ^ "The Shire and the Hundred". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Summary". Institute of Archaeology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Richardson, Miranda. "Crewkerne" (PDF). Somerset Extensive Urban Survey. Somerset County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Dunning, Robert. "Crewkerne Hundred: Introduction". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 4 (1978), pp. 1-3. British History Online. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  8. ^ County Courts Act 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. c. 142) s.28
  9. ^ "Mapping the Hundreds of England and Wales in GIS". University of Cambridge Department of Geography. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2011.