Sierra Juarez hidden salamander

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Sierra Juarez hidden salamander
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Thorius
Species: T. adelos
Binomial name
Thorius adelos
(Papenfuss and Wake, 1987)
Synonyms

Nototriton adelos Papenfuss and Wake, 1987[2]
Cryptotriton adelos (Papenfuss and Wake, 1987)

The Sierra Juarez hidden salamander, Sierra Juarez moss salamander, or simply Sierra Juarez salamander (Thorius adelos) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to the Caribbean slopes of the Sierra de Juarez and Sierra Mazateca, Oaxaca, Mexico.[3]

Description[edit]

The holotype of Thorius adelos (an adult male) measures 21.1 mm (0.83 in) in snout–vent length and has a 25.1 mm (0.99 in) long tail. The dorsum and tail are brown. There is a dorsal, cream-coloured stripe on both sides. The snout is blunt with slightly upward-tilted nostrils.[2]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Thorius adelos is a very rare species only found in undisturbed cloud forests at elevations of 1,530–2,050 m (5,020–6,730 ft) above sea level. It is found in bromeliads and other epiphytic plants and in leaf-litter. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by logging, expanding agriculture, and human settlements.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gabriela Parra-Olea; David Wake; James Hanken (2008). "Cryptotriton adelos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Papenfuss, T. J. & D. B. Wake (1987). "Two new species of plethodontid salamanders (genus Nototriton) from Mexico" (PDF). Acta Zoológica Mexicana. Nueva serie. 21: 1–16. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Thorius adelos (Papenfuss and Wake, 1987)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 December 2014.