David Harris (English cricketer)
|Full name||David Harris|
Elvetham, Hampshire, England
|Died||19 May 1803
Crookham Village, Hampshire, England
|Bowling||underarm: right arm fast (RF)|
|Domestic team information|
Source: John Nyren, 6 October 2009
He made 79 known first-class appearances and was mainly associated with Hampshire when its teams were organised by the Hambledon Club. As well as playing for Hampshire, Harris appeared for a number of other teams including Berkshire, Kent, Surrey, Marylebone Cricket Club and several invitation XIs.
Noted for his fast and accurate bowling, Harris was a right arm fast underarm bowler and a left-handed batsman.
NB: Match scorecards in the 18th century were incomplete as full details of dismissals were not recorded. Bowlers were only credited with a wicket if they bowled the batsman out; catches were credited to the fielder only.
Born c. 1755, Elvetham, Hampshire, The earliest known mention of David Harris occurs in a minor match at Odiham on 27 May 1782 when he played for Alresford and Odiham against a Hampshire County XI. He played for Odiham again in October 1782 in a match against a Berkshire XI, when another Odiham player in the game was one T. Harris.
Harris' first recorded game for Hampshire was against Kent on 3–5 July 1782, a match which also featured the known debut of Kent's Joey Ring. Although he was never noted as a batsman, Harris made the top score of 27 in Hampshire's first innings, in which they were dismissed for 87. Harris played three times for Hampshire in the 1783 season, twice against Kent and once against All-England. He took nine wickets in these matches.
On 13 July 1876, Harris had his best known performance to date when he took four 1st innings wickets for Hampshire v. Kent at Windmill Down, Hampshire winning the game by 1 wicket. This was the match in which Tom Sueter was given out hit the ball twice, the earliest recorded instance of this form of dismissal. On 8–12 August of the same year, Harris played for the White Conduit Club against Kent at Bishopsbourne Paddock and took six wickets in the match, three in each innings, to help White Conduit to a 164 run victory. White Conduit's big win was due to Tom Walker and Tom Taylor becoming the first players known to score a century in the same innings. Walker made 95* and 102, just missing the honour of becoming the first player to score two centuries in a match.
Playing for Sir Horatio Mann's XI against the Earl of Winchilsea's XI at the new Lord's Old Ground on 26–28 May 1788, Harris took 10 wickets in the match with 4 in the 1st innings and 6 in the 2nd. But it was to little avail as Winchilsea's XI won by 106 runs.
By now, Harris' reputation was well established and he played regularly in major matches into the 1790s. He was a frequent taker of wickets and again took ten in a match on 30–31 August 1790 when he guided Hampshire to a 10-wicket win against All-England at Lord's Old Ground. On 15–17 August 1792, Harris had the best known return of his career when he took 11 wickets in the match for Hampshire against Kent at Cobham Park, including eight in the first innings. Hampshire won by 8 wickets.
His later career was ruined by attacks of gout and Harris played his final match on 13–15 August 1798 for All-England v. Surrey at Lord's Old Ground. He took five wickets in the 1st innings and his last, subject to the batting order, was when he bowled W Wells for 5. He scored 0* in his final innings and his team won the match by an innings and 1 run. He died 19 May 1803, Crookham Village, Hampshire
Style and technique
|“||In taking my place at the wicket, I almost felt as if taking my ground in a duel... and my terrors were so much increased by the mock pity and sympathy of Hammond, Beldham, and others round the wicket, that when this mighty bowler, this Jupiter tonas, hurled his bolt at me, I shut my eyes in the intensity of my panic, and mechanically gave a random desperate blow, which, to my utter astonishment, was followed by a loud cry all over the ring of 'run, run'. – Playwright Lord Frederick Reynolds on facing Harris.||”|
Nyren described Harris' style and technique in some detail. Harris began from an erect stance "like a soldier at drill" and raised the ball to his forehead before stepping forward. In his delivery stride, he brought the ball from under his arm "by a twist" and nearly as high as his armpit. With this action he would "push it, as it were, from him". Nyren says the speed of the delivery was "extraordinary" and that he could not understand how Harris managed to achieve such speed.
Some line drawings of Harris and other players of the 1790s have survived. Harris is shown in the characteristic pose described by Nyren as he began his action, standing erect with the ball raised over his head. The ball when delivered was pitched very fast and accurately. Harris seems to have got "pace off the pitch" and Nyren has recorded that numerous batsmen received nasty injuries to their unprotected hands from balls that trapped their (ungloved) fingers against the bat handle.
Nyren, who knew Harris personally, described him as "a muscular, bony man, standing about five feet 9½ inches". Nyren remarked on Harris' personality and looks by saying he had "a remarkably kind and gentle expression" and an "honest face". Harris, said Nyren, was "a man of so strict a principle" and "such high honour".
Harris suffered from gout in his later years and the sources have recorded how he would arrive at a game on crutches and then sit on a chair between deliveries. He was unable to play after 1798 and "latterly, in fact, was quite a cripple". He died in 1803 at Crookham and was buried at nearby Crondall, though no tombstone was erected.
- "Other matches played by David Harris (79)". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- "Teams played for by David Harris". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- Waghorn, p.55.
- Waghorn, p.56.
- Haygarth, p. 51.
- Haygarth, p.57–59.
- Waghorn, p. 64.
- Haygarth, p. 66.
- Haygarth, p. 68.
- Haygarth, p.81.
- Haygarth, p.108.
- Haygarth, p.140.
- Haygarth, p.243–244.
- Major, John S. (2007). More than a Game: the Story of Cricket's Early Years. London: HarperPress. p. 122. ISBN 0-00-718364-X.
- Nyren, p.93.
- Nyren, p.94.
- Mote, endpaper.
- Nyren, p.95.
- Pycroft, p.51 & 75.
- Haygarth, p.52.
- From Lads to Lord's – profile at the Wayback Machine (archived 10 October 2012)
- David Harris at CricketArchive (subscription required)
- David Harris at ESPNcricinfo
- G B Buckley, Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, Cotterell, 1935
- Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826), Lillywhite, 1862
- Ashley Mote, The Glory Days of Cricket, Robson, 1997
- John Nyren, The Cricketers of my Time (ed. Ashley Mote), Robson, 1998
- James Pycroft, The Cricket Field, Longman, 1854
- David Underdown, Start of Play, Allen Lane, 2000
- H T Waghorn, The Dawn of Cricket, Electric Press, 1906