Diloma nigerrimum

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Diloma nigerrimum
Diloma nigerrima 002.jpg
Drawing of a shell of Diloma nigerrimum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Trochoidea
Family: Trochidae
Genus: Diloma
Species: D. nigerrimum
Binomial name
Diloma nigerrimum
(Gmelin, 1791)
Synonyms
  • Monodonta nigerrima (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Trochus araucanus d'Orbigny
  • Trochus gaudichaudi Hupé, 1854
  • Turbo nigerrimus Gmelin, 1791 (original combination)
  • Turbo quoyi Kiener
  • Zediloma digna Finlay, 1926

Diloma nigerrimum , common name the bluish top shell, is a species of small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk, in the family Trochidae, the top snails.[1]

Description[edit]

The height of the shell is 24 mm, its diameter 26 mm. The solid, black, imperforate shell is depressed and has a globose shape. Its sculpture consists of numerous close spiral striae, sometimes nearly obsolete. These are crossed by oblique growth lines, which, are often strongly developed. The colour of the shell is bluish-black or black. Beach-worn specimens may be reddish or brownish. It has no spots. The epidermis is fairly thick and solid, shining in fresh specimens. The spire is short, conoidal to conical. The apex is rounded or acute. The protoconch consists of two spirally striate and lightly pearly whorls, sometimes reddish. The 4 to 5 whorls are slightly convex and rapidly increase in size. The body whorl is usually depressed or subconcave below the suture. The base of the shell is rounded, eroded and iridescent in front of the aperture. The suture is linear, margined below by a strong cord. The large aperture is oblique, greenish iridescent, and closely lirate. The outer lip is convex, rather thin and sharp, bordered within by an extremely narrow black margin, followed by a broad opaque white band, sometimes brilliantly iridescent. The columella is concave, obsoletely subdentate below, very broad and flattened or excavated on the face. It is composed principally of an opaque white layer, which also lines the base, but does not extend to the edge of the lip. The parietal wall has a band of nacre, uniting the ends of the peristome. It is bounded on the outside with light brown or white.

Radula of a New Zealand specimen

The dentition of the New Zealand form is quite different from that of the real South American Diloma nigerrima.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This marine species is endemic to New Zealand. Suter mentions that it also occurs off the west coast of South America.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouchet, P. (2013). Diloma nigerrimum (Gmelin, 1791). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=546855 on 2014-03-19
  2. ^ Tryon (1889), Manual of Conchology XI, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (described as Monodonta nigerrima)
  • Powell A W B, New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  • Spencer H.G., Marshall B.A. & Waters J.M. (2009) Systematics and phylogeny of a new cryptic species of Diloma Philippi (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Trochidae) from a novel habitat, the bull kelp holdfast communities of southern New Zealand. Invertebrate Systematics 23: 19–25