Donald S. Klopfer
Donald S. Klopfer
|Born||Donald Simon Klopfer|
January 23, 1902
New York, New York
|Died||May 30, 1986 (aged 84)|
New York, New York
|Alma mater||Williams College|
(did not graduate)
|Spouse||Marian Annsbacker |
Florence Selwyn (193_–71)
Kathleen (Katie) Scofield Louchheim (1981–his death)
|Children||Charles A. Wimpfheimer (Step)|
Donald Simon Klopfer (January 23, 1902 – May 30, 1986) was an American publisher, one of the founders of American publishing firm Random House, along with Bennett Cerf. Klopfer was the quiet inside businessman to Cerf's quite-visible and gregarious "Mr. Outside" personality.
Klopfer was born on 23 January 1902 in New York City to Jewish parents, Simon Klopfer Jacobson and Stella Jacobson (née Danzinger). From 1918 to 1920, he was a student at Williams College. As a young man, he worked as a treasurer from 1921 to 1925 for his step-father who was a diamond cutter at the United Diamond Works, Inc. in Newark, New Jersey. In 1925, his friend Bennett Cerf presented with him an opportunity to buy for $200,000 the classic imprint, Modern Library, from Boni & Liveright. Cerf and Donald Klopfer formed a partnership, completed the purchase, and they went into business for themselves as 50/50 partners. They increased the series' popularity, and in 1927 began publishing general trade books which they had selected "at random." Thus began their publishing business, which in time they named Random House. It used as its logo a little house drawn by Cerf's friend and fellow Columbia alumnus Rockwell Kent. Cerf's talent in building and maintaining relationships brought contracts with such writers as William Faulkner, John O'Hara, Eugene O'Neill, James Michener, Truman Capote, Theodor Seuss Geisel, and others. Klopfer ran the business and book production. From 1942 to 1945, he was a Major for the USAAF in the European Theater.
Cerf and Klopfer were both prominent Jewish businessmen, and in 1967 Klopfer resigned from the American Council for Judaism after the Council issued a statement which Klopfer and other Jewish leaders found to be repugnant.
Before his death Klopfer was awarded an honorary degree by Williams College in spite of never having completed his degree requirements.
Personal life and death
Klopfer died at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York, New York, on May 30, 1986, aged 84. Klopfer was survived by his second wife, a step-son, C.A. "Tony" Wimpfheimer (with his first wife), and a daughter, Lois Klopfer Levy.
- Dear Donald, Dear Bennett: the wartime correspondence of Donald Klopfer and Bennett Cerf (New York: Random House, 2002). ISBN 0-375-50768-X
- McDowell, Edwin (31 May 1986). "Donald S. Klopfer Dies at 84; Co-Founder of Random House". New York Times. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- "Donald S. Klopfer". Oxfam.
- Mitgang, Herbert (January 23, 1982). "Modern Library Giant, 80 Today, Still Active". New York Times.
One thing that has changed is personal - there isn't anti-Semitism in the profession, Mr. Klopfer said. In the 20s and 30s, Bennett and I and other Jewish publishers were looked down upon.
- Times of Israel: "The Good Old Days Of The Future Of Publishing" by Susan Reimer December 16, 2012
- Cerf, Bennett. At Random. New York: Random House, 1977. p. 65
- Five Prominent Jews Repudiate Position of American Council for Judaism, July 20, 1967; retrieved November 4, 2013.
- New York Times: "Florence S. Klopfer Dead at 73; Wife of Random House Founder" December 22, 1979
- Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 5, Page 397, retrieved November 4, 2013.
- New York Times: "Paid Notice: Deaths LEVY, LOIS K" June 14, 2010
- Donald Klopfer interviewed by Lucy Rosenthal for the Fall, 1984 issue of The Missouri Review.