Duguwa Dynasty

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The Duguwa dynasty is the line of kings (mai) of the Kanem Empire prior to the rise of the Islamic Seyfawa dynasty in 1068. According to the Girgam, the Duguwa kings were the kings of Kanem whose dynastic name is derived from Duku, the third king of the Duguwa. Comparisons with accounts from Arab geographers show that the Duguwa were the king of the ruling class called Zaghawa. Up to recently historians believed that the Duguwa kings mentioned in the Girgam ruled in Kanem just before the first Muslim kings.[1] One historian suggested that all the Duguwa kings except one were ancient Near Eastern rulers. Their names and titles bear witness of the founding of Kanem by refugees from the Assyrian Empire c. 600 BCE.[2] This hypothesis is, however, not widely accepted.

Table of Duguwa kings[edit]

Name of the king Earlier dating [3] Historical name and dating [4] Historical identity
Sef c. 700 Sargon of Akkad (2334-2279) Founder of the Akkadian Empire
Ibrahim c. 740 Abraham Legendary Israelite patriarch
Dugu c. 785 Hammurabi (1792-1750) Founder of the Amorite Empire
Fune c. 835 Pûl/Tiglath-pileser III (744-727) Founder of Neo-Assyrian Empire
Arsu c. 893 Rusâ/Ursâ I (730-713) 6th Urartian king
Katur c. 942 Kuter-Nahhunte (1730-1700) 22nd Elamite king
Buyuma c. 961 Bunuma-Addu (c. 1770) 1st king of Nihrija/Nairi
Bulu c. 1019 Nabopolassar (626-605) 1st Neo-Babylonian king
Arku c. 1035 Assur-uballit II (612-609) Last king of Assyria
Shu c. 1077 Sammuramat (810-807) Regent during the infancy of Adad-nirari III (810-783)
Unknown ? ?
Kak.r.ah . . Local king c. 970 CE
Unknown ? ?
Abd al-Djalil/Selma c. 1081 First Duguwa king (1064-1068) First Muslim ruler of Kanem


  1. ^ Smith: Early states, 167.
  2. ^ Lange: Founding of Kanem, 13-18.
  3. ^ Urvoy, Empire, 26.
  4. ^ Lange: Founding of Kanem, 13-16.


See also[edit]