Dune shearwater

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Dune shearwater
Temporal range: Holocene
Puffinus holeae skull and neck.JPG
Skull and neck
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Genus: Puffinus
Species: P. holeae
Binomial name
Puffinus holeae
Walker, Wragg & Harrison 1990[1]
Various fossils

The dune shearwater (Puffinus holeae), also known as the Canarian shearwater or Hole's shearwater, was a relatively large shearwater which bred in the Canary Islands archipelago of the North Atlantic Ocean. Fossils have also been found in the Figueira Brava cave archaeological site on the western coast of Portugal.[2] The specific epithet honours Mrs Jean Hole who collected fossil material of the species on the Jandia Peninsula of Fuerteventura.[1] It was intermediate in size between the Manx and Cory's shearwaters. Its breeding colonies were in dune fields, in contrast to those of the smaller and sympatric lava shearwater which bred in lava fields. Extinction of the species occurred about 2000–3000 years ago, contemporaneously with the first human settlement of the islands by the Guanches, with the cause likely to be human predation.[2]


  1. ^ a b Walker, C.A.; Wragg, G.M.; Harrison, Colin, J.O. (1990). "A new shearwater from the Pleistocene of the Canary Islands and its bearing on the evolution of certain Puffinus shearwaters". Historical Biology. 3: 203–224. doi:10.1080/08912969009386522. 
  2. ^ a b Rando, Juan Carlos; Alcover, Josep Antoni. (2009). "On the extinction of the Dune Shearwater (Puffinus holeae) from the Canary Islands" (PDF). Journal of Ornithology. 151 (2): 365–369. doi:10.1007/s10336-009-0463-6.