Early Warning and Response System
The Early Warning and Response System (EWRS) for communicable diseases in the European Union was created by the European Commission to "ensure a rapid and effective response by the EU to events (including emergencies) related to communicable diseases". 
"EWRS is a web-based system linking the Commission, the public health authorities in Member States responsible for measures to control communicable diseases and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). EEA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) are also linked to the system."
- Eurosurveillance article The Early Warning and Response System for communicable diseases in the EU: an overview from 1999 to 2005. (Euro Surveill 2006;11(12):215–220.) December 2006