|Birth name||Edwin Frank Duchin|
|Born||April 1, 1909|
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||February 9, 1951 (aged 41)|
Manhattan, New York City
Duchin was born on April 1, 1909 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, to Bessarabian Jewish immigrants Tillie (née Baron; 1885 – March 21, 1962) and Frank Duchin (June 2, 1885 – May 15, 1957).
After graduating from Beverly High School, he attended the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and was originally a pharmacist before turning full-time to music and beginning his new career with Leo Reisman's orchestra at the Central Park Casino in New York, an elegant nightclub where he became popular in his own right, causing strife between him and Reisman. By 1932, Reisman's contract with the Central Park Casino was being terminated, leaving violinist Leo Kahn as the interim leader of the orchestra. After 6 weeks, Duchin had assumed Kahn's place as the orchestra's leader. He became widely popular thanks to regular radio broadcasts that boosted his record sales, and he was one of the earliest pianists to lead a commercially successful large band.
Playing what later came to be called "sweet" music rather than jazz, Duchin opened a new gate for similarly styled, piano-playing sweet bandleaders such as Henry King, Joe Reichman, Nat Brandwynne, Dick Gasparre, Little Jack Little, and particularly Carmen Cavallaro (who acknowledged Duchin's influence) to compete with the large jazz bands for radio time and record sales.
Duchin had no formal music training—which was said to frustrate his musicians at times—but he developed a style rooted in classical music that some saw as the forerunner of Liberace's ornate, gaudy approach. Still, there were understatements in Duchin's music. By no means was Duchin a perfect pianist, but he was easy to listen to without being rote or entirely predictable. He was a pleasing stage presence whose favourite technique was to play his piano cross-handed, using only one finger on the lower hand, and he was respectful to his audiences and to his classical influences.
Duchin would often use beautiful, soft-voiced singers such as Durelle Alexander and Lew Sherwood to accommodate his sweet and romantic songs, giving them extra appeal and making them more interesting.
Duchin's 1938 release of the Louis Armstrong song "Ol' Man Mose" (Brunswick Records 8155) with vocal by Patricia Norman caused a minor scandal at the time with the lyric "bucket" being heard as "fuck it". Some listeners conclude that there is no vulgarism uttered, while others are convinced that Norman does say "fuck".
The "scandalous" lyrics caused the record to zoom to No. 2 on the Billboard charts, resulting in sales of 170,000 copies when sales of 20,000 were considered a blockbuster. The song was banned after its release in Great Britain. The notorious number can be heard on a British novelty CD, Beat the Band to the Bar.
Late career and death
Duchin entered the U.S. Navy during World War II, serving as a combat officer in a destroyer squadron in the Mediterranean and Pacific. He attained the rank of lieutenant commander (O4). Duchin's military awards included the Navy Commendation ribbon with Combat "V", Combat Action ribbon, American Area Campaign medal, the European-Africa-Middle Eastern Area Campaign medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign medal, and the World War II Victory medal. After his discharge from the military, Duchin was unable to reclaim his former stardom in spite of a stab at a new radio show in 1949.
By the mid-1950s, Columbia Pictures, having enjoyed success with musical biographies, mounted a feature film based on the bandleader's life. The Eddy Duchin Story (1956) is a fictionalized tearjerker, with Tyrone Power in the title role, and piano dubbed by Carmen Cavallaro. The film did well in theaters, and was well enough known to be referenced in one of Columbia's Three Stooges shorts: the Stooges' spaceship is about to crash when Joe Besser yelps, "I don't want to die! I can't die! I haven't seen The Eddy Duchin Story yet!"
An anthology of some of Duchin's best recordings, Dancing with Duchin, was released in 2002.
Duchin met his future wife, the socialite Marjorie Oelrichs, at the Waldorf in New York City, and wed at Oelrichs' mother's apartment at the Hotel Pierre on June 5, 1935, officiated by Judge Vincent Lippe. They had one son, Peter Duchin, born July 28, 1937. Tragically, Marjorie died just six days after the birth. Duchin had a second child, born August 15, 1938, with model Marguerite O'Malley; and a third, Annette Kalten, with Millie Giammarino. In 1947, he married a second time to Spanish-Filipina Maria Teresa "Chiquita" Parke-Smith (1912-1980), daughter of Teresa Parke-Smith Bertran de Lis y Pastor.
In the 1996 memoir Ghost of a Chance, his son Peter wrote of the factual discrepancies in the film The Eddy Duchin Story.
- "Eddy Duchin, Top Pianist, Bandleader, Dies at 41". Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: The Pittsburgh Press. UP. February 10, 1951. p. 18.
- 1910 United States Census, United States census, 1910; Cambridge, Massachusetts; roll 597, page 114, line 43-45, enumeration district 769. Retrieved on March 21, 2013.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. pp. 399/400. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- Kahn, Leo. Variations on a Theme: Memoirs of a Studio Musician. p. 45.
- Kahn, Leo. Variations on a Theme: Memoirs of a Studio Musician. p. 48.
- "ALEX KRAMER, COMPOSER OF NUMEROUS HIT SONGS – Chicago Tribune".
- "Big Band Library: Eddy Duchin: "Soft Lights and Sweet Music"". Bigbandlibrary.com.
- "Shadow box". Navy.togetherweserved.com. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- Walker, Leo. The Big Band Almanac. Page 109. Da Capo Press, 1989.
- "MARJORIE OELRICHS WEDS EDDY DUCHIN; Her Marriage to Noted Leader of Orchestras Performed by Judge Vincent Lippe. SHE WEARS TAFFETA GOWN Wedding Trip Will Be Combined With Bridegroom's Concert Tour Across Continent". The New York Times. 6 June 1935. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
- Dictionary of American Biography. Page 188. 1959.
- "Ghost of a Chance:: A Memoir". Amazon. Archived from the original on 2014-12-15. Retrieved 2017-08-31.