Finland Steamship Company
|Industry||Cargo and passenger shipping|
Finland Steamship Company (Swedish: Finska Ångfartygs Aktiebolag, abbreviated FÅA, Finnish: Suomen Höyrylaiva Osakeyhtiö, abbreviated SHO) was a Finnish shipping company founded in 1883 by Captain Lars Krogius. In Finnish and Swedish, the company was usually referred to simply as FÅA. In 1976, the company changed its name to Effoa, a phonetic spelling of the abbreviation FÅA.
The company was a founding member of the Silja Line consortium. In 1975 FÅA founded Finncarriers together with Finnlines as a joint freight operations venture. At the same time FÅA gave up passenger traffic between Finland and Germany, the ships used on the route were sold to Finnlines. In the 1980s both Finncarriers and Finnlines became fully owned subsidiaries of Effoa. In 1989 Effoa decided to give up its freight-carrying operations, and its shares of Finnlines were transferred to Effoa's owners. Effoa stopped trading as an independent company in 1990 when its freight operations were demerged to form an independent Finnlines, while the passenger operations were merged with Johnson Line (the other partner in Silja Line at the time) to form EffJohn.
In 1945, FÅA was the first company post-World War II to restart passenger traffic between Helsinki and Stockholm, using SS Wellamo. The same ship was also the first to start passenger traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn after World War II in 1965.
- SS Arcturus (1899–1957)—Passenger ship that operated primarily on the Hanko–Copenhagen–Hull route.
- SS Wellamo (1927–67)—Restarted Helsinki–Stockholm and Helsinki–Tallinn traffic after World War II. Scrapped in 1969.
- MS Ilmatar (1964–80)—Later the casino cruise ship MS Palm Beach Princess. Scrapped in 2011.
- MS Finlandia (1967–76)—Effoa's first modern car/passenger ferry. Scrapped in 2009.
- MS Aallotar (1972–78)—First ship to start year-round traffic between Helsinki and Stockholm. Scrapped in 2004.
- MS Finlandia (1981–90)—Largest cruiseferry of her time. Later M/S Queen of Scandinavia of DFDS Seaways.
- GTS Finnjet (1986–90)—Purchased from Enso-Gutzeit. The longest and fastest cruiseferry of her time (still fastest as of 2008).
- Finland Steamship Company's Emigrant Ships at genealogia.fi, retrieved on December 4, 2006
- Finland Steamship Company Ltd. at TheShipsList, retrieved on December 4, 2006
- Silja Line official website "History" saved at archive.org Feb 07, 2007, retrieved on November 15, 2007
- Finnlines' 55 Years, retrieved February 16, 2007
- "Fakta om Fartyg, S/S Wellamo (1927)"., retrieved February 16, 2007