Emergency War Plan

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Emergency War Plan refers to a nation's policy for after an emergency such as an outbreak of war or a natural disaster.

United States[edit]

  • The "Halfmoon" Joint Emergency War Plan prepared after the 1948 Bikini Atoll nuclear tests, proposed[when?] dropping 50 atomic bombs on 20 Soviet cities,[1]:68 and President Harry S. Truman approved "Halfmoon" during the June 1948 Berlin Blockade[1]:68–9 (Truman sent B-29s to Europe in July).[2]
  • Emergency War Plan 1–49 was created by Strategic Air Command for delivering 133 atomic bombs, "the entire stockpile…in a single massive attack" on 70 Soviet cities over[specify] 30 days.[3] According to Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety by Eric Schlosser, seven atomic bombs were to be used on Leningrad, and eight were to be used on Moscow.[4]


  1. ^ a b Rosenberg, David A (June 1979). "American Atomic Strategy and the Hydrogen Bomb Decision". The Journal of American History (66.1): 62–87. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  2. ^ Weitze, Karen J. (November 1999). Cold War Infrastructure for Strategic Air Command: The Bomber Mission (PDF) (Report). United States Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2013-08-15. The first six B-36s arrived at Sidi Slimane, another SAC base built in French Morocco, in early December 1951, completing their 5,000-mile training flight from Carswell Air Force Base ... SAC built approximately 50 to 60 of its second generation bomber maintenance hangars at approximately 46 Air Force installations in the U.S. and internationally between 1952 and 1955 
  3. ^ Englehardt, Tom (2007). The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America…. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  4. ^ Schlosser, Eric (2013). Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety. New York, New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 1594202273.