Émile Bréhier

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Émile Bréhier (French: [bʁeje]; 12 April 1876, Bar-le-Duc – 3 February 1952, Paris) was a French philosopher. His interest was in classical philosophy, and the history of philosophy. He wrote a Histoire de la Philosophie, translated into English in seven volumes.

Life[edit]

Bréhier studied at the University of Paris. In 1908 he received his doctorate at the Sorbonne with a dissertation about Philo of Alexandria. He was Henri Bergson's successor at the University of Paris in 1945. The historian Louis Bréhier was his brother.

Thought[edit]

He was an early follower of Bergson; in the 1930s there was an influential view that Bergsonism and Neoplatonism were linked.[1]

He has been called "the sole figure in the French history who adopts an Hegelian interpretation of Neoplatonism",[2] but also a Neo-Kantian opponent of Hegel.[3]

Works[edit]

  • Les idées philosophiques et religieuses de Philon d'Alexandrie (1908)
  • La Théorie des incorporels dans l'ancien stoïcisme, Paris, Librairie Alphonse Picard & fils, (1907).
  • Schelling (1912)
  • Histoire de la philosophie allemande (1921)
  • La Philosophie de Plotin
  • Plotin: Ennéades (with French translation), Collection Budé, 1924–1938
  • Histoire de la philosophie - I Antiquité et moyen âge (three volumes), II La philosophie moderne (four volumes)
  • La philosophie du moyen âge (1949)
  • Le monde byzantin - la civilisation byzantine (1950)
  • Chrysippe et l'ancien stoïcisme (Paris, 1951)
  • Histoire de la philosophie allemande, 3rd edition updated by Paul Ricœur (1954).
  • Études de philosophie antique (1955)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Andrew Passavant, Jodi Dean, Empire's New Clothes: Reading Hardt and Negri (2004), p. 218.
  2. ^ Hankey p. 120 in Jean-Marc Narbonne, W. J. Hankey, Levinas and the Greek Heritage & One Hundred Years of Neoplatonism in France (2006).
  3. ^ Bruce Baugh, French Hegel: From Surrealism to Postmodernism (2003), note p. 183.

References[edit]

  • Alan D. Schrift (2006), Twentieth-Century French Philosophy: Key Themes And Thinkers, p. 107.

External links[edit]