Anomaloglossus rufulus

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Anomaloglossus rufulus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Aromobatidae
Genus: Anomaloglossus
Species: A. rufulus
Binomial name
Anomaloglossus rufulus
(Gorzula, 1990)

Dendrobates rufulus Gorzula, 1990 "1988"
Epipedobates rufulus (Gorzula, 1990)
Allobates rufulus (Gorzula, 1990)

Anomaloglossus rufulus (common names: Sira poison frog,[1] Chimantá poison frog, tepui poison frog[2]) is a species of frog in the Aromobatidae family. It is endemic to Venezuela where it is known from a few tepuis in the Chimantá Massif in the Bolívar state.[2][3]

Chimantá Massif in Venezuela
Chimantá Massif in Venezuela
Anomaloglossus rufulus is endemic to the Chimantá Massif in Venezuela.


Males measure 20.4–22.4 mm (0.80–0.88 in) and females, based on the only known specimen, 23.4 mm (0.92 in) in snout–vent length. The head is slightly longer than it is wide. The tympanum is barely visible in some specimens but distinct in others. Skin is shagreened. The dorsum is chocolate brown and patternless apart from small irregular dark brown spots. The upper lip has four small irregular white spots. The ventrum has dark brown background with white or whitish spots and small dark spots.[3]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

It occurs in high montane environments at elevations between 2,100–2,600 m (6,900–8,500 ft) above sea level, on the tops of tepuis.[1] The female holotype was collected in a Bonnetia forest, while calling males have been found in crevices and inaccessible walls, usually in muddy soil among patches of vegetation consisting of, e.g., Brocchinia tatei. Tadpoles probably belonging to this species has been found in creeks with acidic water.[3]

The range of this species is within the Canaima National Park.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris (2004). "Anomaloglossus rufulus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T55235A11277760. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55235A11277760.en. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Anomaloglossus rufulus (Gorzula, 1990)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Barrio-Amorós, C. L.; Santos, J. C. (2011). "Redescription and generic assignation of Dendrobates rufulus Gorzula, 1990 (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from the Chimantá Massif, Venezuela". Salamandra. 47: 144–154.