Esenler Coach Terminal

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Esenler Coach Terminal

Esenler Otogarı
EsenlerOtogar.JPG
A view from the upper level
General information
LocationBayrampaşa, Istanbul
Coordinates41°02′24″N 28°53′39″E / 41.03987°N 28.89413°E / 41.03987; 28.89413Coordinates: 41°02′24″N 28°53′39″E / 41.03987°N 28.89413°E / 41.03987; 28.89413
Platforms324
Construction
Platform levels4
History
Opened1994
Passengers
daily600,000+[1]
Services
Intercity coaches, İETT city buses
Intercity busses at Esenler Terminus
The terminal under rain

Esenler Coach Terminal (Turkish: Esenler Otogarı) is the central and largest bus terminus for intercity bus service in İstanbul, Turkey. Although the terminus is located in Bayrampaşa district, it is named after Esenler district, which is closer.

The multi-story terminal houses 450-500 permanent parking lots for buses and over 1,000 temporary ones. Average total traffic per day is about 15,000 buses. It also has a capacity of 600,000 passengers a day, with around 3,000 to 5,000 people employed in the terminal.

Around one million passengers pass through it every day.[2]

History[edit]

1994-1999[edit]

In 1980, considerations started to build a new terminus on the European side of Istanbul, since the Topkapı bus terminus was becoming increasingly crowded. In 1987, the construction of the new terminus started. In 1994, it entered service.[2] The structure cost $140 million.[1]

2000s–present[edit]

In 2021, the Greater Istanbul Bus Terminal was transferred to İSPARK, a subsidiary of the metropolitan municipality. With the change of the operator of the bus station, a large-scale renovation work was started.

Location[edit]

The terminus is situated on the European side of İstanbul, in Bayrampaşa district. It occupies 242,000 m2 (2,600,000 sq ft), which makes it the largest bus terminus in southeastern Europe and in Turkey. It is the third largest in the world.[citation needed] The terminus has 324 platforms.[2]

Services[edit]

There are bus services from Esenler Bus Station to all parts of Turkey. Bus companies operating in the bus station also have free shuttles throughout Istanbul. Coaches arrive and depart from almost all Turkish cities. There are also coaches that service neighbouring countries and the rest of Europe.

Connections[edit]

Criticism[edit]

Until the renovation, the bus terminal was criticized for its chaotic and ugly architecture.[2][4] It had constant bus congestion. The security of the terminus was also a constant worry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "İşletme ve Fiziki Kapasite". Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Tanış, Tolga (1999-09-27). "En büyük gecekondu". Hürriyet. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
  3. ^ Private buses
  4. ^ "Bu otogar İstanbul'a yakışıyor mu?". Archived from the original on 2012-12-17.

External links[edit]