Joseph Beverley Fenby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from F. B. Fenby)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Joseph Beverley Fenby (1841–1903) was an English mechanical engineer[1] and inventor[2] who designed a device that would record a sequence of keyboard strokes onto paper tape. Although no model or workable device was ever made, it is often seen as a link to the concept of punched paper for player piano rolls (1880s).

Fenby was born in Liverpool,[3] to Joseph Fenby (of Beverley, Yorkshire) and Thomasina Bolton Fenby.[4] He was baptised 14 December 1841.[5] He was granted a patent on 13 January 1863 (Brit. pat. 101)[6] for an unsuccessful device called either the "Electro-Magnetic Phonoscope" or the "Electro-Magnetic Phonograph". [7]>[8] If the latter name is correct, it could make Fenby the first to have coined the word "phonograph", long before Thomas Edison did so for his very different invention. Fenby's concept detailed a system that would record a sequence of piano or organ keyboard strokes onto paper tape. Although no model or workable device was ever made, it could be seen as a link to the concept of punched paper for player piano rolls (1880s), as well as Herman Hollerith's punch card tabulator (used in the 1890 census), a distant precursor to the modern computer.

Fenby is also known for other inventions, notably the "Fenby folding chair", patented in the United States in 1881 (U.S. Patent 244,216) and an associated camp stool (U.S. Patent 244,215). The chair became known as the Tripolina and inspired many similar designs.

He died in 1903, in King's Norton, England, aged 60.[9]

References[edit]

  • Oliver Read, From Tin Foil to Stereo: Evolution of the Phonograph (1959) 2nd edition 1976: coauthor Walter Welch, Indianapolis: Howard W. Sams & Co., ISBN 0-672-21206-4

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ UK, Mechanical Engineer Records, 1847-1930 for Joseph Beverley Fenby
  2. ^ Godwin, George (July 18, 1863), The Builder, Volume 21, Covent Garden, London: The Builder, p. 522 
  3. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
  4. ^ 1861 England Census
  5. ^ Liverpool, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1906
  6. ^ Koenigsberg, Allen (1990), The patent history of the phonograph, 1877-1912: A source book containing 2,118 U.S. sound recording patents & 1,013 inventors arranged numerically, chronologically, and alphabetically : illustrated by 101 original patent drawings with detailed commentaries on each : additional historical essays on the U.S. patent system, APM Press, p. 25 
  7. ^ Godwin, George (18 July 1863). The Builder, v. 21, p. 522 (via Google Books). Accessed 2014-05-09.
  8. ^ His Majesty's Stationery Office (May 19, 1863), The London Gazette: the Appointed Organ for All Announcements of the Executive, Whitehall, London, England: Published by Authority, p. 2641 
  9. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 2013-07-19.