# Factor of automorphy

In mathematics, the notion of factor of automorphy arises for a group acting on a complex-analytic manifold. Suppose a group $G$ acts on a complex-analytic manifold $X$ . Then, $G$ also acts on the space of holomorphic functions from $X$ to the complex numbers. A function $f$ is termed an automorphic form if the following holds:

$f(g.x)=j_{g}(x)f(x)$ where $j_{g}(x)$ is an everywhere nonzero holomorphic function. Equivalently, an automorphic form is a function whose divisor is invariant under the action of $G$ .

The factor of automorphy for the automorphic form $f$ is the function $j$ . An automorphic function is an automorphic form for which $j$ is the identity.

Some facts about factors of automorphy:

• Every factor of automorphy is a cocycle for the action of $G$ on the multiplicative group of everywhere nonzero holomorphic functions.
• The factor of automorphy is a coboundary if and only if it arises from an everywhere nonzero automorphic form.
• For a given factor of automorphy, the space of automorphic forms is a vector space.
• The pointwise product of two automorphic forms is an automorphic form corresponding to the product of the corresponding factors of automorphy.

Relation between factors of automorphy and other notions:

• Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in a Lie group $G$ . Then, a factor of automorphy for $\Gamma$ corresponds to a line bundle on the quotient group $G/\Gamma$ . Further, the automorphic forms for a given factor of automorphy correspond to sections of the corresponding line bundle.

The specific case of $\Gamma$ a subgroup of SL(2, R), acting on the upper half-plane, is treated in the article on automorphic factors.