Damascus University - Faculty of Medicine

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Damascus University – Faculty of Medicine
كلية الطب البشري في جامعة دمشق
Faculty of Medicine of Damascus University Logo.png
Seal of the Faculty of Medicine
Type Public
Established 1903
Dean Prof. Mohamed Nobough Al Awa
Location Damascus, Syria
Website Official Website

The Faculty of Medicine of Damascus University (Arabic: كلية الطب البشري في جامعة دمشق‎), founded in 1903, was the first university college established in Syria.

The school moved to Beirut temporarily during World War I. At one point later it was called the Arab Medical Institute.

History[edit]

The College of Medicine is the centre of the University of Damascus. It was founded in 1903 when the medical school opened up branches in medicine and pharmacy following the Ottomans.

The medical school moved from Damascus to Beirut in 1915 and used the Jesuit Medical College as its headquarters during the First World War. It reopened in Damascus after the armistice of 1918 and the withdrawal of the Ottomans from Syria and Lebanon. During the era of Arab government it was called the Arab Medical Institute. The use of Arabic as the medium of instruction was in response to the policy of colonization, which had tried to impose French. The founders were convinced that their students would absorb, reflect, and express themselves better in their native language.

For both the civilian and the military hospitals of the city of Damascus Medical Institute, Dr. Reza Said was elected chairman in 1920. In 1924 the publication of the Medical Journal of the Arab Institute began.

From its earliest days the Institute saw the need not just to train Syrians, but also many young men and women from across the Arab world. On average, half of the students were non-Syrian. In the 1950s over half the doctors in the Mashreq were graduates of the institute.

The university widened its remit[clarification needed] after the evacuation of the French in 1946. The Institute began faculties of medicine. It had all the lecture halls and laboratories necessary for teaching. The college issued a doctor of medicine, bachelor of pharmacy, doctor of dental medicine and a certificate in nursing and midwifery in obstetrics. Successive reforms after 1946 have expanded the school and increased the number of students considerably. An act promulgated in 1958 during the unity of Egypt and Syria amended the Syrian name to the University of Damascus.

Scientific research[edit]

The College of Medicine adopts a strategy of scientific research by the Ministry of Higher Education in cooperation with various governmental bodies. Contributing members of the faculty in the College of Medicine are an important part of science activities as established annually by the Supreme Council for Science of the Ministry of Higher Education. The research presented in the course of medical researchers, as well as new faculty members are allowed access to translated research acquired through doctorates from the university to the Arab world. This translation is provided with identity cards required with faculty membership. This is important in the Arabization of science and research: It is believed research in the mother tongue should be accessible to a large segment of beneficiaries.

University Hospitals And Educational Facilities[edit]

There are 6 main University Hospitals that are run by the Ministry of Higher Education and are affiliated with the University of Damascus; Al Mouwasat University Hospital, Al Assad University Hospital, Children's University Hospital, Dermatology Hospital, Al-Bayrouni Cancer Center and the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. All hospitals are within near distance to the campus. These Hospitals are government owned facilities that provide free health-care, and also serve as the training sites for Medical students attending Damascus University and the Higher Studies Residents, in addition to those attending the other Nursing and Medical institutes at the University of Damascus.

Al Mouwasat University Hospital was established in 1958, is mainly composed of 4 buildings; Administration Building, Emergency And Out-Patient Clinics Building and the Physician Residence Building, alongside those building there is the Cardiovascular Surgery Building. According to the Hospital's own statistics published on its website; the working team consists of 1700 Doctors and 3.500 Nurses.[1]

Al Assad University Hospital in Damascus, is one of the largest teaching hospitals in Syria, with 645 beds. It was founded in 1988 and is run by the Ministry of Higher Education. The hospital is affiliated with Damascus University. The hospital includes all internal specialties (cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal kidney..) and most of the surgical specialties (general, endoscopic, vascular, cardiac, neurosurgery, urosurgery), in addition to kidney transplant unit. There is a large division for physiotherapy that covers all the requirements of this therapy. [2]

Medical School Library[edit]

The Faculty of Medicine Library has 2 stories. It provides spacious tables and study areas, the upper floor was equipped with computers in 2010 during the establishment of the electronic medical library; the project was not launched, and the upper story remained closed. Many Book-stands offering Arabic, English and French medical journals are present on the periphery of the library. The librarians' office contains numerous textbooks of clinical and sub-clinical sciences available for students to borrow.

Laboratories and Auditoriums[edit]

The Faculty of Medicine at Damascus University has 3 main buildings; the Dean's/Administration Building, the Laboratory building and the auditorium building. The main labs are the Physiology lab, Pharmacology lab, Biology and cellular science lab, Embryology lab, Genetics labs, Parasitology and Microbiology labs, Forensic Medicine lab and the Pathology lab. Labs are equipped with Microscopes and teaching amenities.

The Auditorium Building has 3 stories, each containing a large auditorium that can accommodate a large number of students, estimated number of occupancy capacity is around 1000, these auditoriums serve mainly for teaching rounds and seminars. The "New Auditorium" is in the Dean's building and serves as the main place for conferences and also occasionally utilized for written exams and seminars.

International Recognition[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°30′25″N 36°16′01″E / 33.50694°N 36.26694°E / 33.50694; 36.26694