Piriformis fascia

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Piriformis fascia
TA A04.5.03.011
FMA 19134
Anatomical terminology

The fascia of the Piriformis is very thin and is attached to the front of the sacrum and the sides of the greater sciatic foramen; it is prolonged on the muscle into the gluteal region.

At its sacral attachment around the margins of the anterior sacral foramina it comes into intimate association with and ensheathes the nerves emerging from these foramina.

Hence the sacral nerves are frequently described as lying behind the fascia.

The internal iliac vessels[disambiguation needed] and their branches, on the other hand, lie in the subperitoneal tissue in front of the fascia, and the branches to the gluteal region emerge in special sheaths of this tissue, above and below the Piriformis muscle.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)