Fernique's theorem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In mathematics — specifically, in measure theoryFernique's theorem is a result about Gaussian measures on Banach spaces. It extends the finite-dimensional result that a Gaussian random variable has exponential tails. The result was proved in 1970 by the mathematician Xavier Fernique.

Statement of the theorem[edit]

Let (X, || ||) be a separable Banach space. Let μ be a centred Gaussian measure on X, i.e. a probability measure defined on the Borel sets of X such that, for every bounded linear functional  : X → R, the push-forward measure μ defined on the Borel sets of R by

is a Gaussian measure (a normal distribution) with zero mean. Then there exists α > 0 such that

A fortiori, μ (equivalently, any X-valued random variable G whose law is μ) has moments of all orders: for all k ≥ 0,


  • Fernique, Xavier (1970). "Intégrabilité des vecteurs gaussiens". C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. A-B. 270: A1698–A1699.  MR0266263