Fifth Army (Italy)

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The Italian Fifth Army was an Italian Army which was formed in World War I and World War II.

World War I[edit]

In World War I the Fifth Army was created on 25 May 1916 to help stop the Austrian Trentino Offensive. It was again disbanded on 2 July 1916.[1]
It consisted of

  • XXIV Army Corps (Luciano Secco)
  • XX Army Corps (Ettore Mambretti)
  • XXII Army Corps (Evaristo Mossolin)
  • XXVI Army Corps (Luca Montuori)
  • VIII Army Corps (Ottavio Briccola)

Its commanders were :

World War II[edit]

The Italian Fifth Army was formed in 1939 to defend Libya from the French in Tunisia and Algeria. After the Battle of France ended, the Fifth Army became a source of men and supplies for the Italian Tenth Army on the border with Egypt. The army was disbanded on 16 February 1941 and incorporated into General Headquarters North Africa. The Army was shortly reformed in North Africa between 15 April 1941 and 5 September 1941.
It was again reformed in Italy on 10 April 1942 to defend Tuscany, Sardinia and from November 1942 also Corsica. In September 1943, after the Armistice of Cassibile, the 5th Army surrendered to the Germans.

Commanders were[2]

  • Italo Gariboldi (1939 – February 1941)
  • Mario Caracciolo di Feroleto (April 1941 – September 1941)
  • Mario Caracciolo di Feroleto (April 1942 – September 1943)

On June 1940 it consisted of:

  • X Army Corps
    • 25ª Divisione Fanteria Bologna
    • 55ª Divisione Fanteria Savona
    • 60ª Divisione Fanteria Sabratha
  • XX Army Corps
    • 17ª Divisione Fanteria Pavia
    • 61ª Divisione Fanteria Sirte
    • 27ª Divisione Fanteria Brescia
  • XXIII Army Corps
    • 1ª Divisione CCNN “23 Marzo”
    • 2ª Divisione CCNN “28 Ottobre”

References[edit]