This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons

File:Phoneme-allophone-determination-chart.svg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Original file(SVG file, nominally 905 × 690 pixels, file size: 174 KB)

Description

Simplified chart / decision tree to determine whether two sounds which occur in the words of a language are allophones of the same phoneme, separate phonemes, or in free variation. For explanations of terms and procedures, see articles Allophone, Complementary distribution, Minimal pair, Free variation, and Phoneme.

The classic example of sounds which are in complementary distribution in a language, but which are not usually considered to be allophones of the same phoneme due to phonetic dissimilarity, is the sounds [h] and [ŋ] in English.
Date
Source

Self-made graphic converted from the following vector PostScript source code:

%!
-40 0 translate 1 0 0 setrgbcolor/Times-Roman 30 selectfont
71 65 moveto 543 0 rlineto 0 414 rlineto -543 0 rlineto closepath stroke
gsave 33.69 rotate 365 149 moveto(Y)show -2 0 rmoveto(es)show grestore
gsave -33.69 rotate 130 510 moveto(No)show grestore
gsave 46.7788 rotate 226 21 moveto(Y)show -2 0 rmoveto(es)show grestore
gsave -39.5226 rotate 70 322 moveto(No)show grestore
gsave 46.3119 rotate 365.5 -135 moveto(Y)show -2 0 rmoveto(es)show grestore
gsave -37.4054 rotate 246 432 moveto(No)show grestore
4 setlinewidth 1 setlinecap/Times-Roman 26 selectfont
85 454 moveto(To determine the phonemic status of two sounds:)show
0 setgray/Times-Roman 24 selectfont
220 419 moveto(Are the sounds in com-)show
216 392 moveto(plementary distribution?)show
119 271 moveto(Are the sounds pho-)show
120 244 moveto(netically similar?)show
336 281 moveto(Does substituting one)show
339 254 moveto(sound for the other)show
339 227 moveto(change meaning?)show
77 130 moveto(They are allo-)show 78 103 moveto(phones of the)show
78 76 moveto(same phoneme.)show
277 130 moveto(They belong to)show 281 103 moveto(two separate)show
281 76 moveto(phonemes.)show
477 121 moveto(They are in)show 475 94 moveto(free variation.)show
326 385 moveto -135 -90 rmoveto 135 90 rlineto 120 -80 rlineto stroke
206 237 moveto -78 -83 rmoveto 78 83 rlineto 100 -82.5 rlineto stroke
410 221 moveto -64 -67 rmoveto 64 67 rlineto 102 -78 rlineto stroke
showpage
%EOF
Author AnonMoos
Permission
(Reusing this file)
Public domain I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Captions

Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents

Items portrayed in this file

depicts

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current21:01, 25 March 2011Thumbnail for version as of 21:01, 25 March 2011905 × 690 (174 KB)AnonMoosSimplified chart to determine whether two sounds which occur in the words of a language are allophones of the same phoneme, separate phonemes, or in free variation. For explanation of terms and procedures, see articles en:Allophone, [[:en:Complemen
The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed):

Global file usage

The following other wikis use this file:

Metadata