First expired, first out

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First Expired, First Out, often abbreviated by the acronym FEFO means "first expired, first out".

This term is used in logistics and inventory management to describe a way of dealing with product with a limited shelf life such as perishable products, or consumer goods with a specified expiry date. The product with the deadline for the next intake will be the first to be served or removed from stock. Majorly used in Pharmaceutical and Chemical industry where expired dates are calculated based on Batch expired date or Shelf life time.

A common example of this treatment is the management of perishable products in a shelf display: Products with deadlines closest consumption should be used before the other. Foods and pharmaceutical drugs can be sold at a discounted price, and, near the expiration date, they can be destinated to humanitarian aids to the neighbours or to the more distant foreign countries. Perishable goods can also be collected through single donations or some charities.

The First expired, first out logic is a type of stock rotation that enable organizations to get a distribution process optimization, able to minimize the waste generation of finished and yet marketable products.[1]

Perishable drugs: charity and waste management[edit]

Perishable goods (like foods and drugs) lose all their use value after the expiration date and can't be bought nor sold as their commercial price and value falls to zero. As the drug or food expiration date comes forth, any perishable good loses its value day-by-day.

Both drugs and foods are equally necessary for the law enforcement of the universal right to life, and, if not reused, they contribute to an expensive waste management form, namely the food waste or the drug waste.[2]

Global Trade Item Number barcode (GTIN, the former EAN) ant the UPC code get a all-over-the-world unique identifier, respectively for the product type (the part number) and the single product item (a serial number) or its batch unit, with the related expiring date.The GTIN and UPC codes have become an international standard to improve the food traceability or the drug traceability, as well the Net availability of the product data.[1]

Although Feeding America supply chain applies the GTIN and EAC codes since 2012,[3] at July 2019 nobody of this charity network seems to manage any pharmaceutical drug product[4][5]

In the United States, it is based also the DrugBank with a comprehensive, freely accessible, online database containing information on drugs and drug targets. But however, it doesn't concern about single items data, in order to become a database (a bank) of such perishable expiring products for humanitarian and charitative purposes.

The European Fund for Aid to Most Deprived is the European version of the Most Deprived Person programme, with the difference that it is managed by a public authority and not by a charity. Its regulation[6] doesn't mention any possible waste management of other kind of perishable goods, such as the pharmaceutical drugs.[7]


  1. ^ a b Jianrong Zhang; Tejas Bhatt (September 2014). A Guidance Document on the Best Practices in Food Traceability. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 10. Wiley. pp. 1074–1103. doi:10.1111/1541-4337.12103.
  2. ^ Kate Traynor (9 April 2019). "New Regulations to Affect Management of Hazardous Drug Waste". Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Feeding America Data Synchronization Initiative - FAQ" (PDF). May 2012. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  4. ^ "feedingamerica FAQ". Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Feeding America Financials". Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019 – via
  6. ^ "Regulation (EU) of the Euroepean Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 on the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived". 13 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019 – via Google Cache].
  7. ^ "Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD)". European Commission. Archived from the original on 13 June 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.

See also[edit]