A Fraud Squad is a police department which investigates fraud and other economic crimes. The largest Fraud Squad in the United Kingdom is run by the City of London Police who are responsible for policing London's and the UK's main financial hub.
This department investigates what could be described as the "traditional" fraud offences, such as banking frauds; insurance frauds; investment frauds; insider dealing frauds; advance fee frauds and Internet frauds, amongst others.
Each team is headed by a Detective Inspector who take it in turn on a weekly basis to act as the "Duty Squad" and they form the immediate response to any calls received concerning new fraud cases.
The Fraud Squad is a specialist area, usually a part of the Specialist Investigation Department, where officers are normally transferred from general detective duties with the Criminal Investigations Department (CID). Some officers will nominated to work on specific cases for the Serious Fraud Office (SFO), they will also provide assistance and advice on policing matters to the SFO and Financial Services Authority.
Economic Crime Department (ECD)
The Fraud Squad is part of the City of London Police Economic Crime Department (ECD) which also consists of:
- Cheque and Credit Card Unit
- Money Laundering Investigation Unit
- Financial Investigation Unit
- Dedicated Cheque and Plastic Crime Unit
- Fraud Desk
- Financial Intelligence Development Team
Ministry of Defence Police
Because of the scale of the MoD's annual budget any small percentage lost to criminal activity (theft/deception) has the potential to be a considerable sum.
Fraud committed against the MoD means that UK frontline defences are deprived of resources which place them and the UK and its interests at risk (the defence capability of the UK is weakened and lives may be put at risk as a consequence).
The MDP's Fraud Squad works with Procurement officers (who oversee the services provide by thousands of defence contractors who supply goods and services to the MoD) and also with the MoD Defence Fraud Analysis Unit (DFAU) in delivering fraud awareness and prevention advice across the MoD.
Isle of Man Financial Crime Unit
The Financial Crime Unit is a multi-agency unit, consisting of Police and Customs Officers, Police Support Staff and other Government Departments such as Internal Audit and HM Attorney General’s Chambers.
The FCU's remit covers:
- prevention of financial crime
- detection of financial crime
- serious financial crime
- money laundering
- terrorism financing
The unit is made up of three teams:
- The Financial Intelligence Team which receives Suspicious Activity Reports which are submitted by the financial sector
- The Overseas Assistance Team which deals with all International Letters of Request or other assistance procedures provided for through Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties
- The Investigations Team which deals with all investigations
Other Fraud Investigators
Department for Work and Pensions
 In the year 2004 - 2005 benefit thieves stole around £900 million.
The DWP targets benefits fraud, Benefit theft includes:
- non notification of that claimant is now living with a partner
- non notification of that claimant is receiving other benefits
- non notification by the claimant of savings or not declaring the right amount
- claiming for children who have left home
- non notification of that claimant has started work, or about any earnings
- non notification of that claimant has inherited money
- non notification of that claimant is going abroad, living abroad, or has changed address.
NHS Counter Fraud and Security Management Service
The NHS Counter Fraud and Security Management Service is an independent Division of the NHS Business Services Authority and has responsibility for all policy and operational matters relating to the prevention, detection and investigation of fraud and corruption and the management of security in the National Health Service.
- NHS Counter Fraud Service established in September 1998
- NHS Security Management Service was established in 2003 to form the NHS Counter Fraud and Security Management Service.
The NHS Counter Fraud and Security Management Service is tasked:
- To reduce fraud to an absolute minimum and hold it permanently at that level, releasing resources for better patient care and services
- With the delivery of an environment for those who use or work in the NHS which is properly secure so that the highest possible standard of clinical care can be made available to patients.
- Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA)
- Financial Services Authority (FSA)
- UK Visas and Immigration (Home Office)
- Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC)
- Local Authority Investigation Officers Group (LAIOG)
- National Anti Fraud Network (NAFN)
- Royal Mail Security Service (Post Office Investigation Department - POID)
- Identity and Passport Service (IPS) UK Passport Authority
- Universities & Colleges Admission Service (UCAS)
- Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)
- Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation (GBFI) - Republic of Ireland