|National origin||United States of America|
|Manufacturer||Gallaudet Aircraft Corporation|
|Designer||Edson Fessenden Gallaudet, H.A. Lewis|
The Gallaudet Hydroplane (a.k.a. Gallaudet Wing-Warping Kite or Hydro-Bike) is an early aircraft employing the use of wing-warping for roll control.
The Gallaudet Hydroplane was built in Norwich, Connecticut by Edson Fessenden Gallaudet. The principle of wing-warping was independently applied to this kite/aircraft/glider several years before the Wright Brothers applied it to their Wright Flyer. (along with Jean-Marie LeBris, John J. Montgomery, Clement Ader, D.D. Wells, and Hugo Mattullath). The Wrights later applied for a patent on wing-warping, which led to the widespread use of the aileron control method to avoid the Wright's airplane patents. Gallaudet generically employed the name hydroplane to many of his future seaplane designs. In 1908, Gallaudet would form the Gallaudet Engineering Company, (later the Gallaudet Aircraft Corporation). Later hydroplane models were built for the United States Navy.
In 1913, Gallaudet filed U.S. Patent# 1,214,536 for the Hydroplane. The single-place open cockpit aircraft featured most of the engine enclosed in the fuselage. The fuselage tapered upwards to the rear with a small attached rudder. A single landing wheel protruded partially from the center of the fuselage for ground landings.
The Gallaudet Hydroplane was on display at the East Hall of the Arts and Industries Building of the Smithsonian Museum.
Data from Smithsonian
- Length: 7 ft (2.1 m)
- Wingspan: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
- Height: 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m)
- Gross weight: 25 lb (11 kg)
- Related development
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2013)
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Alumni Association. War Records Committee. Technology's war record: an interpretation of the contribution. p. 704.
- "Flying Machines". Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Tom Couch (September 2009). "Oldies and Oddities: Where Do Ailerons Come From?". Air & Space magazine.
- Harwood, Craig S. and Fogel, Gary B. Quest for Flight: John J. Montgomery and the Dawn of Aviation in the West, University of Oklahoma Press 2012.
- "Trying Out Norwich Built Hydroplane on the Thames". The News. 3 August 1916.
- "Galludet Glider". Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Washington D.C. Gallaudet". Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- United States. Patent Office (6 February 1917). Official gazette of the United States Patent Office, Volume 235. p. 20.
- "Gallaudet Hydroplane". Retrieved 26 December 2011.