Gare Maritime de Cherbourg
|This article does not cite any sources. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The complex consisted of the transatlantic hall, a two storey building through which passengers boarded ocean liners using nine footbridges, as well as with a plethora of amenities:
- Passenger concourse
- Post office
- Offices of each shipping company.
The hall is 240m long and constitutes the bulk of the complex, thirty four concrete arches carrying the copper and glass rooftop.
As the station is 93m wide, it was at the time of building the second largest construction in France after Palace of Versailles and covered 2 hectares. As well as the size of the construction mentioned, a 70m tall clock tower was built.
Along the hall was a 500m long covered gallery used for embarquement and disembarquement of passengers.
The station was divided in two parts and on the transatlantique side; two ships could berth and empty a thousand passengers into the station in an hour. On the Railway side, up to seven trains a day would take passengers to Paris in 3½ hours.
Gare Maritime de Cherbourg saw intense activity during World War II, although it was partially destroyed in 1944. It was in heavy use during the 1950s and 1960s.
The buildings were listed in December 1989 and constitute the last surviving example of 1930s maritime architecture in Cherbourg. The station closed in the 1990s.
Cité de la Mer
In 1996 an architectural competition was announced for design proposals to transform the building into a naval museum, after it ceased railway station operations. A project design, respecting the original building, was adopted in 1997. Work began in 1999.
The Cité de la Mer museum was completed and opened in 2002.
In 2006, a Cherbourg cruise terminal was inaugurated in the harbour nearby. In 2008−2009 ships docking included the: Constellation, Celebrity Summit, Queen Mary 2, Costa Victoria, Jewel of the Seas, Voyager of the Seas, Century, Maasdam, Independence of the Seas, and Queen Victoria.
In the Hamburg Seatrade 2007 competition, the Cherbourg cruise terminal was awarded the best port of call of the year.