Gare du Bourget was the primary point of deportation for French Jews during the Holocaust. Between March 27, 1942 and June 23, 1943, 42 convoys carrying 40,450 Jews, left Le Bourget for Auschwitz and other death camps in Poland. Most had been imprisoned in the nearby Drancy internment camp. Drancy was organised, staffed and initially commanded by the civilian French police, who rounded up most of the victims.
As Le Bourget station was too visible to the wider public, the next 21 convoys left the Bobigny freight station.