Gartner's duct cyst
|Gartner's duct cyst|
|Gross pathology of Gartner's duct cyst|
|Classification and external resources|
A Gartner's duct cyst (sometimes incorrectly referred to as vaginal inclusion cyst) is a benign vaginal cystic lesion that arises from the Gartner's duct, which is a vestigial remnant of the mesonephric duct (wolffian duct) in females. They are typically small asymptomatic cysts that occur along the lateral walls of the vagina, following the course of the duct. They can present in adolescence with painful menstruation (Dysmenorrhea) or difficulty inserting a tampon. They can also enlarge to substantial proportions and be mistaken for urethral diverticulum or other structures.
There is a small association between Gartner's duct cysts and metanephric urinary anomalies, such as ectopic ureter & ipsilateral renal hypoplasia. Because of this, imaging is recommended before excision.
- Hoogendam, Jacob P.; Smink, Marieke (6 April 2017). "Gartner's Duct Cyst". New England Journal of Medicine. 376 (14): e27. doi:10.1056/NEJMicm1609983.
- Eilber KS, Raz S (September 2003). "Benign cystic lesions of the vagina: a literature review". Journal of Urology. 170 (3): 717–722. doi:10.1097/01.ju.0000062543.99821.a2. PMID 12913681.
- Currarino G (1982). "Single vaginal ectopic ureter and Gartner's duct cyst with ipsilateral renal hypoplasia and dysplasia (or agenesis)". Journal of Urology. 128: 988.