Gene Wiki

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The Gene Wiki is a project within Wikipedia that aims to describe the relationships and functions of all human genes. It was established to transfer information from scientific resources to Wikipedia stub articles.[1][2][3]

The Gene Wiki project also initiated publication of gene-specific review articles in the journal Gene, together with the editing of the gene-specific pages in Wikipedia.[4]

Project goals and scope[edit]

Number of gene articles[edit]

The human genome contains an estimated 20,000–25,000 protein-coding genes.[5] The goal of the Gene Wiki project is to create seed articles for every notable human gene, that is, every gene whose function has been assigned in the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Approximately half of human genes have assigned function, therefore the total number of articles seeded by the Gene Wiki project would be expected to be in the range of 10,000–15,000. To date, approximately 11,000 articles have been created or augmented to include Gene Wiki project content.[6]

Expansion[edit]

Once seed articles have been established, the hope and expectation is that these will be annotated and expanded by editors ranging in experience from the lay audience to students to professionals and academics.[1]

Proteins encoded by genes[edit]

The majority of genes encode proteins hence understanding the function of a gene generally requires understanding of the function of the corresponding protein. In addition to including basic information about the gene, the project therefore also includes information about the protein encoded by the gene.

Gene Wiki generated content[edit]

Stubs for the Gene Wiki project are created by a bot and contain links to the following primary gene/protein databases:

Response[edit]

A report found that between 2013 and 2017, the content which Gene Wiki contributed to Wikipedia got crowdsourced development over time.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Huss JW, Orozco C, Goodale J, Wu C, Batalov S, Vickers TJ, Valafar F, Su AI (July 2008). "A Gene Wiki for Community Annotation of Gene Function". PLOS Biology. 6 (7): e175. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060175. PMC 2443188. PMID 18613750.
  2. ^ Huss JW, Orozco C, Goodale J, Wu C, Batalov S, Vickers TJ, Valafar F, Su AI. "SciVee Pubcast: A Gene Wiki for Community Annotation of Gene Function". Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2008-11-19.
  3. ^ Huss JW; Lindenbaum P; Martone M; et al. (January 2010). "The Gene Wiki: community intelligence applied to human gene annotation". Nucleic Acids Research. 38 (Database issue): D633–9. doi:10.1093/nar/gkp760. PMC 2808918. PMID 19755503.
  4. ^ Tsueng G, Good BM, Ping P, Golemis E, Hanukoglu I, van Wijnen AJ, Su AI (2 May 2016). "Gene Wiki Reviews-Raising the quality and accessibility of information about the human genome". Gene. 592 (2): 235–8. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2016.04.053. PMC 5944608. PMID 27150585.
  5. ^ Clamp M, Fry B, Kamal M, Xie X, Cuff J, Lin MF, Kellis M, Lindblad-Toh K, Lander ES (December 2007). "Distinguishing protein-coding and noncoding genes in the human genome". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 104 (49): 19428–33. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709013104. PMC 2148306. PMID 18040051.
  6. ^ "Gene Wiki Pages". Pages that link to {{PBB}}. Wikipedia. Retrieved 2015-01-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  7. ^ Su AI, Wiltshire T, Batalov S, Lapp H, Ching KA, Block D, Zhang J, Soden R, Hayakawa M, Kreiman G, Cooke MP, Walker JR, Hogenesch JB (April 2004). "A gene atlas of the mouse and human protein-encoding transcriptomes". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 101 (16): 6062–7. Bibcode:2004PNAS..101.6062S. doi:10.1073/pnas.0400782101. PMC 395923. PMID 15075390.
  8. ^ Zinovyev, Andrei; Czerwinska, Urszula; Cantini, Laura; Barillot, Emmanuel; Frahm, Klaus M.; Shepelyansky, Dima L.; Rzhetsky, Andrey (18 February 2020). "Collective intelligence defines biological functions in Wikipedia as communities in the hidden protein connection network". PLOS Computational Biology. 16 (2): e1007652. Bibcode:2020PLSCB..16E7652Z. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007652. PMC 7048313. PMID 32069277.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]