Genevieve B. Earle
Genevieve B. Earle
New York, New York
|Died||March 7, 1956(aged 72–73)|
|Alma mater||Adelphi University|
|Known for||first woman elected to the New York City Council|
William P. Earle, Jr.
(m. 1913; died in 1940)
Genevieve Beavers Earle (1883 - March 7, 1956) was a New York City politician. She was the first woman elected to the city council of New York City and the first woman to be involved in a New York City Charter Revision Commission. She was also a feminist.
Earle was born in Blythebourne in 1885 and attended Erasmus Hall High School. Earle graduated from Adelphi University in 1907. She had worked in the field of sociology while in school and showed interest in becoming involved in New York politics immediately after graduation. She married William P. Earle, Jr. on October 22, 1913. They had two children, Mary and William, Jr. Earle's husband died in 1940 of an "abdominal ailment." In 1948, she spent four months in the hospital when she broke her hip by slipping on the ice, and this may have influenced her decision to retire from council later. In 1949, she retired from New York City politics and moved to Bell House in Bellport.
Earle began working in politics in 1907. She started doing municipal research in 1908 and was one of the first women in this field. As a direct result of her early studies, salaries for police patrolmen were increased in New York. She chaired a woman's committee for the election of John Purroy Mitchel in 1917. Also in 1917, she was appointed to the board of Child Welfare. Earle was president of the Brooklyn chapter of the League of Women Voters.
Earle served as the first woman on a New York City Charter Revision Commission during 1935 to 1936. The charter created by the commission was adopted in 1936 and initiated the use of proportional representation in the city’s elections. She was awarded a gold medal of service to Brooklyn, partly because of her work on the commission, which was presented by Mayor La Guardia in 1936.
Earle was the first woman elected to the New York City Council in 1937, and she was the only woman to serve as a council member in the city for some time. She was one of a pool of 99 candidates for council, out of which 9 were voted in. Earle ran as a member of the City Fusion Party, and also had the support of many African American voters in Brooklyn. Earle also appointed a black woman, Emily V. Gibbes, to a job in the city as a secretary. She served in council from 1938 to 1949. Between 1940 and 1949, she was the council's Republican Minority Leader. While on the council, she promoted the creation of recreational centers and playgrounds in the city. In 1953, she was appointed to a five-year term on Suffolk County's Planning Board.
Earle was also involved with libraries. In 1934, Mayor La Guardia appointed her to the board of trustees for the Brooklyn Public Library. Earle worked closely with Municipal Reference Librarian, Rebecca Browning Rankin, who helped her with research related to council work. Earle was a vice president of the board of the Bellport Memorial Library. She started an archives collection at Bellport Memorial Library.
Adelphi University honored Earle with an Honorary Doctorate of Laws in 1942. In 1962, Adelphi named a girls' dormitory "Earle Hall," in her honor. Another honor was her election as an "honorary life member" of the Women's City Club of New York in 1951.
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- "Medal is Voted Mrs. Earle for Civic Services (Continued from Page 1)". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 8 January 1937. Retrieved 8 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Building Honorees". Adelphi University. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "William P. Earle, 57, Dies: Council Leader's Husband". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 8 July 1940. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Pilat, Oliver (1943). "The Lady Who Tells Them Off" (PDF). unknown. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via La Guardia and Wagner Archives.
- "Adelphi to Honor the Late Mrs. Genevieve B. Earle". The Long Island Advance. 8 November 1962. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via NYS Historic Newspapers.
- "Victim of Fire". The Post-Standard. 7 March 1956. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Prosterman, Daniel O (2013). Defining Democracy: Electoral Reform and the Struggle for Power in New York City. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780195377736.
- Bruzzese, Christina (March 2011). "Spotlight on: Women's History Month". NYC.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "Mrs. Earle Honored for Civic Services". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 8 January 1937. Retrieved 8 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Perry 1990, p. 425.
- "Women Praised in Civic Affairs" (PDF). New York Times. 28 January 1937. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via La Guardia and Wagner Archives.
- "The Job of Citizenship". This I Believe. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- Evans, Clifford (17 June 1939). "Ears to the Ground". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved 8 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Ewing, Helen M. (9 February 1950). "Ex-Councilwoman Talks to Fireplace Literary Club". The Patchogue Advance. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via NYS Historic Newspapers.
- "City's Leaders Back Mrs. Earle". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Duckett, Alfred A. (8 June 1940). "Uncensored". The New York Age. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Playgrounds, Not Uniforms, for Children, The Democratic Way, Mrs. Earle Declares". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Seaver, Barry W. (2004). A True Politician: Rebecca Browning Rankin, Municipal Reference Librarian of the City of New York, 1920-1952. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. p. 166. ISBN 0786416343.
- "Display Cases at Library Dedicated to Memory of Late Mrs. Earle". Patchogue Advance. 5 September 1957. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via NYS Historic Newspapers.
- Perry, Elisabeth Israels (October 1990). "Women's Political Choices After Suffrage: The Women's City Club of New York, 1915–1990". New York History. 71 (4): 416–434. JSTOR 23175310.