Gentleman's farm

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A gentleman's farm is a property that is owned by a gentleman farmer who has a farm as part of his estate and who farms mainly for pleasure rather than for profit or sustenance.[1][2] His acreage may produce any number of types of grains, poultry or other livestock. The estate can vary from under ten to hundreds or even thousands of acres. The gentleman farmer can employ labourers and farm managers. The chief source of income for the gentleman farmer was derived not from any income that the landed property may generate. He invariably had his own private income, worked as a professional, owned a large business elsewhere, or some combination of the three.[3][4][5][6]

Some notable gentleman farmers include James Roosevelt I, the father of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Dwight D. Eisenhower who retired to a farm near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania after leaving the White House; George Washington, who farmed at Mount Vernon; Winthrop Rockefeller, son of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. who moved to Arkansas in 1953 and established Winrock Farms atop Petit Jean Mountain; Frederick Hinde Zimmerman;[7] Frank C. Rathje; and William Locke Allison, known for Allison Woods, which was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Definition - "Gentleman Farmer"". Oxford University Press. 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016. A country gentleman who has a farm as part of his estate.
  2. ^ "Definition - Gentleman farmer". Merriam-Webster, An Encyclopædia Britannica Company. Retrieved 25 June 2016. A man who farms mainly for pleasure rather than for profit
  3. ^ Claudius Loudon, John (1839). "An encyclopædia of agriculture ... Fourth edition, etc - Book I Agricultural Artists (Page 1123)". Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, &Longmans. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  4. ^ Kames, Lord Henry Home (1776). "The Gentleman Farmer: Being an Attempt to Improve Agriculture by Subjecting it to the Test of Rational Principles". W. Creech. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  5. ^ Quinn, Tom (1 April 2012). "Life on the Old Farm (Chapter - A Farming Dynasty)". David & Charles. Retrieved 25 June 2016. My father was a gentleman farmer in the sense that he had a private income... he didn't need to worry too much if the farm itself didn't make any money.
  6. ^ "Gentleman farmer". Encarta. Archived from the original on 20 September 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
  7. ^ Unsigned (22 September 1924). "Fred Zimmerman Obituary". Daily Republican Register.
  8. ^ National Park Service (9 July 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.