George Cheyne Shattuck Choate

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George Cheyne Shattuck Choate (March 30, 1827 – June 4, 1896) was an American physician and the founder of Choate House, a psychiatric sanatorium.


He was born at Salem, Massachusetts on March 30, 1827, to Margaret Manning Hodges and George Choate.

George Cheyne Shattuck Choate's siblings were:[1]

  • Charles Francis Choate, born on 16 May 1828.
  • Sarah Elizabeth Choate, born on 24 September 1829 and died on 1 May 1860, at age 30.
  • William Gardner Choate, born on 30 August 1830.
  • Joseph Hodges Choate, born on 24 January 1832.
  • Caroline Choate, born on 16 October 1834.

Choate graduated from Harvard College in 1846 and Harvard Medical School in 1849.[2] He married Susan Osgood Kittredge (1830-1925).[3]

Choate eventually moved to Westchester County, New York where he started his own sanitarium. Choate added a wing to his house for use of his sanitarium to house patients being treated for mental and nervous disorders. One of Choate's most famous patients was politician and New York Tribune founder, Horace Greeley. Following his defeat for the Presidency of the United States in 1872, Greeley checked into Choate’s sanitarium where he died a few weeks later.

The Choate family also established The Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut.

He died on June 4, 1896.


Choate died in 1896, but his Sanitarium remained open for another decade.[4] In 1909, Choate’s widow had the wing her husband had constructed moved to its present location—just a stone's throw away from its former location using horses and, at an inch at a time, it took about six months to move. Mrs. Choate lived there until her death, at age 95, in 1926. Today, Choate’s sanitarium is now "Marks Hall"[5] and his former residence is now known as "Choate House"; both of which are located on the Pleasantville campus of Pace University.[4]


  1. ^ Archived September 26, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Archived June 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Widow of George Dies at Pleasantville. Funeral There Tomorrow.". New York Times. 1925-06-25. Retrieved 2008-12-09. Mrs. Susan Osgood Kittredge Choate, widow of George C. S. Choate, who was a brother of the late Joseph H. Choate, former Ambassador to the Court of St. ... 
  4. ^ a b "". 1963-09-16. Retrieved 2014-06-02.  External link in |title= (help)
  5. ^