Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation

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The Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation was founded in 1928 in Globe, Arizona by Harold S. Gladwin and Winifred (McCurdy) Gladwin.[1] The purpose of the foundation was to conduct archaeological research in the American Southwest and surrounding areas.


Harold S. Gladwin was a New York City stockbroker who left his position there and moved to Santa Barbara, California. There he met his future wife Winifred and William North Duane who introduced Gladwin to his cousin, the famous Southwestern archaeologist A.V. Kidder. Gladwin spent two field seasons with Kidder in northern Arizona. It was at that time when Gladwin's passion and curiosity for the Southwest grew and inspired him to start Gila Pueblo.[2]


With the backing and funding of Gladwin Gila Pueblo was able to do excavations and research throughout the Southwest. One of the most important contributions made by people working for Gila Pueblo was defining the Hohokam culture. One of the people inviolved in this definition was the young Emil Haury. In 1930 Haury became the assistant director of Gila Pueblo.[2] Another accomplishment made by Gila Pueblo was the defining of the Cochise Culture.[3]

In 1950, Gila Pueblo shut down and donated its collection to the Arizona State Museum, located on the University of Arizona campus. According to historian David Leighton, the unveiling of this archaeological collection was done in 1951, during the inauguration of University of Arizona President Richard A. Harvill.[4] The records are held by the Arizona State Museum Library & Archives with the finding aid located on Arizona Archives Online.The building in which the foundation was located, now part of Eastern Arizona College, is on the National Register of Historic Places.


  1. ^ Haury, Emil W. (1992)Emil Haury's Prehistory of the American Southwest: Edited by J. Jefferson Reid and David E. Doyel, Tucson & London: The University of Arizona Press
  2. ^ a b Emil Walter Haury, May 2, 1904—December 5, 1992 | By Raymond Harris Thompson, Caleb Vance Haynes, Jr., and James Jefferson Reid | Biographical Memoirs
  3. ^ Sayles, E.B., and Ernst Antevs (1941) The Chochise Culture, Medallian Papers: Gila Pueblo, Globe, Arizona
  4. ^ Leighton, David (May 25, 2015). "Harvill Drive named for former UA president". Arizona Daily Star. 

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