Gitlaxt'aamiks

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Gitlaxt'aamiks
New Aiyansh
Traditional Community Building in Gitlaxt'aamiks
Traditional Community Building in Gitlaxt'aamiks
Gitlaxt'aamiks is located in British Columbia
Gitlaxt'aamiks
Gitlaxt'aamiks
Location of Gitlaxt'aamiks in British Columbia
Coordinates: 55°12′22″N 129°4′47″W / 55.20611°N 129.07972°W / 55.20611; -129.07972Coordinates: 55°12′22″N 129°4′47″W / 55.20611°N 129.07972°W / 55.20611; -129.07972
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Indigenous territories Bandera Nis'ga Nation.png Nisg̱a'a
Established 1974
Government
 • Governing body Nisga'a Lisims Government
Population
 • Total 806
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
Postal code V0J 1A0
Area code(s) 250

Gitlaxt'aamiks /ɡɪtˈlɑːdəmɪks/ or New Aiyansh /ˈænʃ/ is a Nisga'a village about 100 km north of Terrace, in the heart of the Nass River valley, Canada. It is one of four Nisga'a villages. Though it is located in British Columbia, it is also considered the "capital of the Nisga'a Nation." The Nisga'a Lisims Government building (Wilp si'Ayuukhl Nisga'a), which opened in 2000, is located here. The area is home to 806 people and the Nisga'a Memorial Lava Beds Provincial Park. Gitlaxt'aamiks is located overlooking a lava flow that erupted in the 18th century. The source for this lava flow was the Tseax Cone.

In front of the Nisga'a Elementary Secondary School stands the Unity Totem Pole which, raised in 1977, was the first totem pole raised in the Nass Valley since the late 19th century.[1]

Name origin[edit]

Gitlaxt'aamiks means "people of the ponds" in the Nisga'a language.[2]

The name New Aiyansh was established in 1974. Though the name Aiyansh was originally at a location 3 miles to the northeast, maps now show both Aiyansh and New Aiyansh at the modern location. The original Aiyansh was partly destroyed by flood in November 1917 and the community moved to Gitlaxt'aamiks. A later flood in this community led to relocation to the higher site which became New Aiyansh in the late 1960s.[3][4][5]

New Aiyansh was formerly New Aiyansh Indian Reserve No. 1, which was extinguished by the Nisga'a Treaty as of May 11, 2000.[6] The location of "old" Aiyansh was formerly Aiyansh Indian Reserve 1, also extinguished by the terms of the Nisga'a Treaty like all other Nisga'a-related Indian Reserves.[7]

Education[edit]

The community is served by School District 92 Nisga'a and is home to Nisga'a Elementary Secondary School. This school provides elementary school education for this village and secondary school education to all four Nisga'a Villages in the Nass Valley. The offices of the School District are located here.

Capital of the Nisga'a Nation[edit]

The Nisga'a Lisims Government Building and forecourt in 2000 (before completion)
Dedication ceremonies for the new Nisga'a Lisims Government Building in 2000
The Chamber, elliptical in form to support consensus-style of governing, with the Speaker located at the head and a stand for the "talking stick".

The legislative functions and administrative offices of the government of the Nisga'a Nation, the Wilp si'Ayuukhl Nisga'a, are located in the Nisga'a Lisims Government Building. This new facility was completed in 2000 and dedicated in September. This was around the time of the signing of the Nisga'a Final Agreement. It houses the Council Chamber, executive offices, meeting rooms, legal services, archives, and various public administrative services. The Council Chamber was designed to support the traditional consensus-style of governing. Members sit around an elliptical table, where each is equal.

References[edit]

External links[edit]