Glasshouses is a small village in Nidderdale, North Yorkshire, England. It lies 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Pateley Bridge on the east side of Nidderdale and has a recently rebuilt river bridge across the River Nidd.
Records about Glasshouses stretch as far back as 1386 and the name of the village is believed to have derived from the Old English Glas Hus, which translates as the place where glass was made. Whilst there is no firm evidence of this, it was believed that glass for Fountains Abbey was made here. In the 16th century, lead was mined to the west and transported to the hamlet of Wilsill (east of Glasshouses) for smelting and onward transportation.
The old twine mill, on the banks of the Nidd, was constructed between 1812 and 1814. The mill was used to produce flax, then hemp and latterly, rope. Local rumour has it that the mill supplied rope to the White Star Line and most notably, Glasshouse rope was used on the Titanic. When the railway was opened in the valley, it was used to transport coal into the millworks to provide additional power other than that made by the waterwheel. In 1830, a milldam was built on the northern bank of the River Nidd and a millrace was added at the same time. The dam still exists and is capable of storing 10,000,000 imperial gallons (45,000,000 l; 12,000,000 US gal) of water. The dam is not used to power a waterwheel anymore, but is used for recreational purposes; fishing, skating in winter and water sports in summer.
The mill was built by the Metcalfe family, who sold the business in 1907 after financial trouble. The mill continued until 1972 when production ceased and it was occupied by numerous small businesses. In 2017, it was announced that the grade II listed building would be converted into housing.
The Metcalfe family were also responsible for building the school in 1861. The building still stands and now operates as the village primary school. Glasshouses Community Primary School was rated as being 'Good' by Ofsted in January 2017.
Glasshouses lies just 1-mile (1.6 km) east of Pateley Bridge. Both Glasshouses and Pateley Bridge are linked by the B6265 road which travels down the valley to meet the A61 road at Ripley. There is a regular bus service on the road between Harrogate and Pateley Bridge.
Whilst the Nidd Valley Railway went right through the village, no station was built in Glasshouses. The mill and gas works complex shared a siding, primarily for the inward transportation of coal.
- Bed & Breakfast establishments
- Children's playground (Private)
- Glasshouses Primary School
- The Birch Tree Inn public house
- Village hall (Broadbelt Hall)
- Glasshouses CACA 2007, p. 3.
- Speight 1906, p. 453.
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- Glasshouses CACA 2007, p. 14.
- Scholes, Ron (2006). Yorkshire Dales (2 ed.). Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Landmark. p. 168. ISBN 1-84306-209-7.
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- Historic England. "Glasshouses Mill (Grade II) (1391973)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Speight 1906, p. 473.
- Glasshouses CACA 2007, p. 9.
- "Home - Glasshouses Community Primary School". www.glasshouses.n-yorks.sch.uk. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- "Glasshouses Community Primary School". reports.ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
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- Chapman, Stephen (2011). Harrogate & Wetherby. Bellcode. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-1871233-24-7.
- "Six Dales Trail - LDWA Long Distance Paths". www.ldwa.org.uk. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Glasshouses Conservation Area Character Appraisal (PDF). nidderdaleaonb.org.uk (Report). Harrogate Borough Council. 29 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Speight, Harry (1906). Nidderdale, from Nun Monkton to Whernside; being a record of the history, antiquities, scenery, old homes, families, &c., of the beautiful valley of the Nidd. London: E Stock. OCLC 6678660.
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