HMS Auguste (1705)
|Laid down:||January 1704|
|Captured:||8 August 1705|
|Acquired:||8 August 1705|
|Commissioned:||28 August 1705|
|Fate:||Wrecked, 10 November 1716|
|Class and type:||60-gun fourth-rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||932 8⁄94 bm|
|Beam:||39 ft 0 in (11.9 m)|
|Depth of hold:||16 ft 0 in (4.88 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
|Complement:||365 (240 in peacetime)|
Together with the 54-gun Jason (1704), she captured Coventry in September 1704. Then, on 12 November, together with Jason and the 26-gun frigate Valeur (1704), she captured the third rate Elizabeth 30 miles south of the Isles of Scilly. In early 1705 she and 44-gun fourth rate Thetis were escorting Gloutonne, Elephant and Jean et Jacques (which were armed en flute), when the convoy ran into a squadron under Admiral George Byng at Cape Finisterre. Only Auguste escaped.
The vessel was registered for Royal Navy service from 28 August 1705 and fitted out for service in the English Channel. Commissioned for active service by Captain Robert Bokenham, she proved her worth by capturing the French privateers La Marie-Madeleine on 13 September 1706, and L'Hirondelle on 30 September 1706.
Bokenham died in 1707 and was replaced by Captain Thomas Scott.The next year, Auguste was joined to the fleet of Admiral George Byng, which was in need of reinforcement after the Scilly naval disaster of 1707. The fleet patroleld the Channel and the North Sea throughout 1708. In 1709, Lord Duffus replaced Scott. From 1710 to 1713, she was under the command of Captain Robert Thompson in the Dunkirk squadron (1710), the Mediterranean (1711), and the West Indies (1712).
In 1716, while under the command of Captain Robert Johnson, Auguste was in the Baltic. She had sailed from Nore on 18 May with a squadron under Sir John Norris to join a combined English-Dutch-Danish-Russian fleet in a demonstration to Sweden that Britain and her allies would resist Swedish interference with trade.
In November she was returning to England from Copenhagen with a convoy. As the weather worsened, the convoy took shelter on the evening of 9 November at Læsø island. During the night Auguste's cables broke and she sailed out to sea to avoid being driven on shore. On the night of 10 November a gale drove her ashore on the nearby island of Anholt. Captain Johnson, his officers, and at least 250 of his men were saved. Another 40 may have landed in Sweden. In all, most of her people were saved.
- List of ships captured in the 18th century
- Bibliography of 18th-19th century Royal Naval history
- List of early warships of the English navy
Citations and references
- Clowes, W. Laird, et al. (1897-1903) The Royal Navy: a history from the earliest times to the present. (Boston: Little, Brown and Co. ; London : S. Low, Marston and Co.).
- Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005) Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la Flotte de Guerre Française de Colbert à nos Jours. (Group Retozel-Maury Millau).
- Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Barnsley, United Kingdom: Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157006.