HMS Garry

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History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: Garry
Ordered: 1903 – 1904 Naval Estimates
Builder: Yarrows, Poplar
Laid down: 25 November 1904
Launched: 21 March 1905
Commissioned: September 1905
Out of service: 1919 laid up in reserve awaiting disposal
Fate: 22 October 1920 sold to J.H. Lee for breaking
General characteristics
Class and type: Yarrow Type River Class destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:
  • 590 t (581 long tons) standard
  • 660 t (650 long tons) full load
  • 231 ft 4 in (70.51 m) o/a
  • 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m) Beam
  • 7 ft 2.5 in (2.197 m) Draught
Propulsion:
Speed: 25.5 kn (47.2 km/h)
Range:
  • 130 tons coal
  • 1,620 nmi (3,000 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h)
Complement: 70 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918
Victories:

HMS Garry was a Yarrow-type River-class destroyer of the Royal Navy. under the 1903 – 1904 Naval Estimates. Named after the River Garry in north central Scotland, she was the first ship to carry this name in the Royal Navy.

Construction[edit]

She was ordered under the 1903 – 1904 Naval Estimates, laid down on 25 November 1904 at the Yarrow shipyard at Poplar and launched on 21 March 1905. She was completed in September 1905. Her original armament was to be the same as the turtleback torpedo boat destroyers that preceded her. In 1906 the Admiralty decided to upgrade the armament by landing the five 6-pounder naval guns and shipping three 12-pounder 8 hundredweight (cwt) guns. Two would be mounted abeam at the foc's'le break and the third gun would be mounted on the quarterdeck.

Pre-war[edit]

After commissioning she was assigned to the East Coast Destroyer Flotilla of the 1st Fleet and based at Harwich.

On 26 July 1907, Garry and the destroyer Waveney collided off Sandown, damaging both ships.[3]

In April 1909, she was assigned to the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla on its formation at Harwich. She remained until displaced by a Beagle-class destroyer by May 1912. She was assigned to the 5th Destroyer Flotilla of the Second Fleet with a nucleus crew.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. The ships of the River class were assigned to the E class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as an E class destroyer and had the letter 'E' painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[4]

First World War[edit]

In early 1914, when displaced by G-class destroyers she joined the 9th Destroyer Flotilla based at Chatham, tendered to St George. The 9th Flotilla was a patrol flotilla tasked with anti-submarine and counter-mining patrols in the Firth of Forth area. By September she had been redeployed to Scapa Flow Local Flotilla and tendered to Orion. Here she provided anti-submarine and counter mining patrols in defence of the main fleet anchorage.[5]

On 23 November 1914, the German submarine U-18 was attempting to enter Scapa Flow when it was spotted in Pentland Firth and was rammed by the naval trawler Dorothy Grey. In an attempt to escape U-18 dived, struck bottom forcing her back to the surface. Garry then rammed U-18 which sank at position 58°41′N 002°55′W / 58.683°N 2.917°W / 58.683; -2.917 with the loss of one person and 22 survivors becoming prisoners of war.[6]

In August 1915, with the amalgamation of the 7th and 9th Flotillas, she was assigned to the 1st Destroyer Flotilla when it was redeployed to Portsmouth in November 1916. She was equipped with depth charges for employment in anti-submarine patrols, escorting of merchant ships and defending the Dover Barrage. In the spring of 1917 as the convoy system was being introduced the 1st Flotilla was employed in convoy escort duties for the English Channel for the remainder of the war.[7]

On 19 July 1918, Garry (Lt Cdr Charles Lightoller DSC RNR) attacked the German submarine UB-110 off the north coast of Yorkshire. Damaged by the depth-charge attack, the U-boat surfaced and was rammed by Garry at position 54°39′N 00°55′E / 54.650°N 0.917°E / 54.650; 0.917. According to a British account, UB-110 sank with the loss of 13 of her men. There were 15 survivors.[8] According to a German account, all but the two radio operators were able to escape from the sinking U-boat, but the survivors were subsequently attacked while in the water with the result that only 13 of the crew of 34 survived.[9] The wreck was raised by the Royal Navy in October 1918.[10] Lt Cdr Lightoller was awarded a bar to his DSC for this action.

Disposition[edit]

In 1919, she was in collision with Attentive and not repaired. She was placed on the disposal list. On 22 October 1920, she was sold to J. H. Lee for breaking up.[11]

She was not awarded a battle honour for her service.

Pennant Numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[12] From To
N10 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D21 1 Sep 1915 1 Jan 1918
D41 1 Jan 1918 13 Sep 1918
H73 13 Sep 1918 22 Oct 1920

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1905]. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905/6. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 75.
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  3. ^ "Naval Matters—Past and Prospective: Portsmouth Dockyard". The Marine Engineer and Naval Architect. Vol. 30. 1 September 1907. p. 55.
  4. ^ Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985]. p. Page 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
  5. ^ "Naval Database".
  6. ^ "U-Boat data (U-18) from U-Boat.net".
  7. ^ "History of the Great War, Naval Operations, Volume III, Spring 1915 to June 1916 (Part 1 of 2), by Sir Julian S Corbett, Chapter XIII, Loss of Argyl and Natal". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  8. ^ Lightoller, C. Titanic and Other Ships, ch.44, eBook at Gutenberg of Australia
  9. ^ Harald Bendert: Die UB-Boote der Kaiserlichen Marine 1914–1918. S. 179
  10. ^ "U-Boat data (UB-110) from U-Boat.net".
  11. ^ ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  12. ^ ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.