Twardocice

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Twardocice
Village
Twardocice is located in Poland
Twardocice
Twardocice
Coordinates: 51°6′N 15°46′E / 51.100°N 15.767°E / 51.100; 15.767
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLower Silesian
CountyZłotoryja
GminaPielgrzymka

Twardocice [tfardɔˈt͡ɕit͡sɛ], German Harpersdorf,[1][2][3] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Pielgrzymka, within Złotoryja County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.[4]

It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) south-west of Pielgrzymka, 12 kilometres (7 mi) west of Złotoryja, and 89 kilometres (55 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław.

History[edit]

From 1521 on Harpersdorf, since 1945 Twardocice, was part of the Habsburg province of Silesia, becoming a Prussian province in 1742, and a province in the German Empire from 1871 on.

Twardocice was mentioned for the first time in 1206. From the 16th to the early 18th century, it was the home of the Schwenkfelder religious sect, which opposed the dominant lutheran local government. The Viehweg Monument, built in 1863 and rededicated after 2003 after restoration, commemorates Schwenkfelders who were buried in the cattle paths (a sign of disgrace) in the area.[3][5] and the surrounding villages.[6]

In 1826, the last Silesian Schwenkfelder in Harpersdorf died, the farmer Melchior Dorn.[6]

After the Second World War the whole, German speaking and religious lutheran, population was expelled from the village and replaced by catholic Poles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ M.P. 1946 nr 142 poz. 262 Rozporządzenie Ministrów: Administracji Publicznej i Ziem Odzyskanych z dnia 12 listopada 1946 r. o przywróceniu i ustaleniu urzędowych nazw miejscowości. (M.P. 1946 No. 142 pos. 262 Ordinance of Ministers: Public Administration and Recovered Territories dated November 12, 1946 on the restoration and establishment of official names of localities.). Government of Poland, Ministry of Recovered Territories. 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  2. ^ http://instytutdidaskalos.pl/historia-protestantow/twardocice-niem-harpersdorf
  3. ^ a b https://schwenkfelderexilesociety.org/geography/
  4. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  5. ^ https://schwenkfelderexilesociety.org/the-viehweg/
  6. ^ a b Horst Weigelt: Zinzendorf und die Schwenckfelder. In: Martin Brecht / Paul Peucker (Hrsg.): Neue Aspekte der Zinzendorf-Forschung. (= Arbeiten zur Geschichte des Pietismus. Band 47) Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-525-55832-5, S. 64–83.

Coordinates: 51°6′N 15°46′E / 51.100°N 15.767°E / 51.100; 15.767