Hauraki (New Zealand electorate)

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Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1927 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. Five electorates were abolished, two former electorates were re-established, and three electorates, including Hauraki, were created for the first time. These changes came into effect with the 1928 election.[1] In its original form, the electorate extended up the coast to Auckland. Settlements that fell into the Hauraki electorate were Howick, Papatoetoe, Mangere, Manurewa, Brookby, Meremere, Miranda, and Waitakaruru.[2] In the 1937 electoral redistribution, the Hauraki electorate moved significantly south, losing all the South Auckland suburbs to the new Otahuhu electorate, and gaining Morrinsville.[3]

In the 1946 electoral redistribution, the Hauraki electorate moved to the north-east, losing Morrinsville again, but gaining Paeroa and most of the Coromandel Peninsula, including Thames, Whitianga, and Coromandel township.[4]

The 1987 electoral redistribution took the continued population growth in the North Island into account, and two additional general electorates were created, bringing the total number of electorates to 97. In the South Island, the shift of population to Christchurch had continued.[5] Overall, three electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated, and four electorates were abolished (including Hauraki). All of those electorates were in the North Island. Changes in the South Island were restricted to boundary changes.[6] These changes came into effect with the 1987 election.[7]

History[edit]

The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament.[8] The first representative was Arthur Hall, who died in office on 18 April 1931.[9] This caused the 1931 by-election, which was won by Walter William Massey.[10]

In 1972 and 1987, the electorate was abolished and replaced with the Coromandel electorate.[8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1928 election Arthur Hall
1931 by-election Walter William Massey
1931 election
1935 election Charles Robert Petrie
1938 election John Manchester Allen
1942 by-election Andrew Sutherland
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Arthur Kinsella
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election Leo Schultz
{Abolished 1972–1981)
1981 election Graeme Lee
1984 election
{Abolished 1987–1993)
1993 election Warren Kyd
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Coromandel)

The name Hauraki was used in 1999 for a Māori electorate; please refer to Hauraki Maori.

Election results[edit]

1943 election[edit]

There were five candidates in 1943, with the election won by Andrew Sutherland over Edmund Colin Nigel Robinson.[11]

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Hauraki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Robert Petrie 5,325 45.37 +9.99
Reform Walter Massey 4,781 40.74 -23.88
Democrat Stanley Rickards 1,629 13.88
Informal votes 75 0.63 -0.05
Majority 544 4.63
Turnout 11,735 89.64 +10.41
Registered electors 13,090

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Hauraki[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Walter Massey 6,078 64.62 +15.33
Labour Charles Robert Petrie 3,328 35.38 +3.54
Informal votes 64 0.68
Majority 2,750 29.24 +11.80
Turnout 9,470 79.23
Registered electors 11,953

1931 by-election[edit]

Hauraki by-election, 1931[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Walter Massey 4,023 49.29
Labour Charles Robert Petrie 2,599 31.84
United Ebenezer Allan 997 12.21
Country Party Alexander Ross 513 6.28
Majority 1,424 17.44
Turnout 8,161 -12.38

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83–88.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 86.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 86–91.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 90–95.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 127f.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 123–128.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 127.
  8. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 264.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 202.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 219.
  11. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24714). 14 October 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  12. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  13. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Election Counts". Auckland Star. LXII (291). 9 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Hauraki by-election: The official count". The Evening Post. CXI (131). 5 June 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.