The Republic of Martyazo (French: République de Martyazo) was a secessionist state proclaimed by Hutu rebels in Burundi on 1 May 1972. The state was located inside the mountainous Vuzigo commune, between the Makamba and Lake Nyanza. On 9 May 1972, forces of the Tutsi-dominated government of Michel Micombero occupied the region, ending the rebellion and the existence of Martyazo.
Due to its life span of little more than a week, no formal government structures were ever established in Martyazo.
Because of a lack of reliable information, academics have dubbed the state "mysterious" and "ephemeral".Antoine Serukwavu was said to have been President of the state.