Martyazo

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Martyazo Flag[citation needed]

The Republic of Martyazo (French: République de Martyazo) was a secessionist state proclaimed by Hutu rebels in Burundi on 1 May 1972.[1] The state was located inside the mountainous Vuzigo commune, between the Makamba and Lake Nyanza. On 9 May 1972, forces of the Tutsi-dominated government of Michel Micombero occupied the region, ending the rebellion and existence of Martyazo.

Due to its life span of little more than a week, no formal government structures were ever established in Martyazo.

Because of a lack of reliable information, academics have dubbed the state "mysterious"[2] and "ephemeral".[3] Antoine Serukwavu was said to have been President of the state.

The creation of Martyazo and the killing of Prince Ntare V of Burundi were two events that together marked the beginning of the 1972 Civil War and Genocide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Burundi.html#Martyazo
  2. ^ Rene Lemarchand, The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa, p. 136
  3. ^ Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89-90

Further reading[edit]

  • Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89–90.