June 13, 1896
|Died||August 14, 1990(aged 94)|
|Known for||Founded the Material Service Corporation in 1919 and the Henry Crown and Company in 1959|
(m. 1920; her death 1943)
(m. 1946; his death 1990)
|Parent(s)||Ida Krinsky (1871–1956) and Arie Krinsky (1861–1937)|
Henry Crown (June 13, 1896 – August 14, 1990) was an American industrialist and philanthropist. Among other things, he founded the Material Service Corporation, which merged with General Dynamics in 1959. At the time of his death, he was a billionaire. Henry Crown and Company, of which he is the namesake, is an investment firm that owns or has interests in a variety of business assets. From 1951 to 1961, he was the owner of the Empire State Building.
Crown (birth name Henry Krinsky) was born in 1896 to Jewish immigrants from Lithuania. He was third of seven children of a sweatshop worker, Arie Krinsky, and his wife Ida. His father changed the family name to Crown while Henry was a boy. Crown did not attend school past the eighth grade. In 1915, at the age of 19, he started a company with his older brother Sol selling steel. Sol later died of tuberculosis.
Material Service Corporation
In 1919, on borrowed capital of $10,000, Crown established (with his brother Irving) the Material Service Corporation (MSC). In its first year the company made a profit of $7,000 on sales of $218,000. MSC sold gravel, sand, lime, and coal to builders in the Chicago area.
According to his own claim, Crown had given away "nine figures" in his philanthropic pursuits by the time he turned 79. His beneficiaries included the University of Chicago, Brandeis, Stanford, Northwestern and the St. Lawrence University student investment fund. The Henry Crown Symphony Hall in Jerusalem is named after him.
Crown was married twice. His first wife Rebecca (née Kranz) Crown, died in 1943. His second wife was Gladys (née Kay) Crown. Crown had three children: Robert Crown (1921–1969), Lester Crown (born June 7, 1925) and John J. Crown (1929–1997), a Cook County judge.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
- Los Angeles Times (Aug 16, 1990). "Henry Crown; Once Owner of Empire State Building".
- "RECOGNIZING THE 90TH BIRTHDAY OF LESTER CROWN". Congress.gov. Jun 11, 2015.
- Charles D. Ellis (2001). "Wall Street People: True Stories of Today's Masters and Moguls". p. 241. ISBN 9780471238096.
- Cook, Joan (August 16, 1990). "Henry Crown, Industrialist, Dies; Billionaire, 94, Rose From Poverty". New York Times.
- Alsop, Stewart (July 17, 1965). America's Big New Rich. The Saturday Evening Post.
- Chicago Tribune: "Gladys K. Crown, 82, Philanthropist And Exec" By Kenan Heise September 14, 1991
- Aspen Institute: "Legacy of Henry Crown" retrieved August 26. 2013